The statue of Abraham Lincoln in the Lincoln Memorial cost $88,400. The giant pandas go outdoors when it is cool, go inside when it is warm, and disappear when there are visitors from New York. The 15-inch Rodman gun in the Smithsonian weights 49,746 pounds. The Fresnel Lighthouse lends has 400,000 candlepower. Breakfast for two at Howard Johnson's across from the Watergate cost $10.95. Lunch in the cafeteria of the Department of Transportation cost $4.75. Wallabis lying on the ground rest of their elbows, like people at a beach. "Four members of Congress were once pages," according to a Capitol guide addressing a group of students outside the Senate majority leader's office. Mrs. McKinley owned a buff-colored ostrich-feather fan. The official weather forecast for the Washington area was zero chance of rain; the subsequent downpour was presumably in the nature of a miracle. Argument in from of a display of Dolley Madison's dress. Small girl: "She was the first Lady." Small boy: "No! She was the president's wife." At 9 a.m., the Ashford, Ala., High School Band (in black and gold) occupied the steps at the Senate end of the Capitol. At the House end, the B.m.c. durfee High School band of Fall River, Mass. (in scarlet and black and white), played selections from "Man of La Mancha," while Rep. Margaret Heckler shook hands with parents and teachers. Andrew Jackson declined to be buried in an off-white Roman sarcophagus carved with grapes and cherubs, because it was "a repository prepared for an Emperor or King." Getting rhinos to mate is a big problem, according to a sign in the zoo. The subway ride from the Senate to the Russell Office Building is fast and breezy but much too short. Buying a ticket for the magnificent new Metro subway system is so complicated you need a degree from M.I.T. Washington had a pincushion and a pinking iron. The Marajoara Indians buried ordinary people (dead ones) directly in the ground; higher ranks were first deposited in large, round clay bowls, and got spindle whorls and earspools as going-away presents. "Narrow minds think nothing of importance but their own favorite pursuit," said the physicist Joseph Henry (1797-1878), the first secretary of the Smithsonian. The elephants are chained at night; otherwise they "get into mischief" and steal food. Also, it is good practice for when they need a pedicure or medical attention. The Shanghai Acrobats at the Kennedy Center Opera House managed to carry nine people on one bicycle. When you can't see the giant pandas, you can see the watering of the bamboo that they will personally eat. Thirty-five small school children climbed aboard the merry-go-round on the Mall. Their bright-colored lunchboxes waited in orderly rows on the park benches outside. We rode Shamrock, a green-blanketed 80-year-old; our companion, aged 10, rode a zebra named Ouijia. Martial music jangled and thumped. We whirled through sunlight and shadow, seeing the Washington Monument one instant, the Capitol the next; trees; blue sky. About 80 tiny drum majorettes in red were high-stepping in front of the National Gallery of Art, waiting to join a big parade. Visitors to the Luminist exhibition had to go around them, then file through the Dunbar High School Band of Washington, which was sitting on the steps. Inside, on the floor of the lobby, there was a large golden tuba, gleaming luminously.