The 19th century began by believing that what was reasonable was true and it would end up believing that what it saw a photograph of was true," Gail Buckland notes in her new book First Photographs (Macmillan, $24.95 till Christmas). The very first photos of tornadoes, cannibals or sea depths were completely new visions for the world. They offered precise information about things too small, too fast, too exotic or too far away to be known before. They were not just visions -- magic; they were discoveries, new truths. Look with fresh eyes at the selection of photos from the book reproduced here. Photography is only 140 years old. It exposed realities never before known exactly this way. CAPTION: Picture 1, When the above photo of the Eiffel Tower was taken in 1888 by Pierre Petit, he viewed it in a very different way than we do today. He had no idea what this steel maze would end up looking like when finished. Bibliotheque Nationale; Picture 2, The first dinosaur foot-prints were discovered in 1927 in Arizona and photographed there 68 years after Charles Darwin's theories excited new speculation about how the beasts developed and disappeared. The American Museum of Natural History; Picture 3, There was a time when nobody had been exposed to the concept 'Miss America.' The first one, Margaret Gorman, of Washington, photographed in her bathing suit, right, won in 1921. Wide World Photos; Picture 4, This photograph settled a potentially bitter argument at New York's Aqueduct Race Track on June 10, 1944. All three horses -- Brownie, Boussuet, and Wait-a-Bit -- won. The pay-out: $4.30, $2.40, and $3.50 to win. New York Racing Association; Picture 5, With the above 1882 photograph of a bird in flight and others like it, Etienne-Jules Marey affected the course of modern art. Such photos influenced futurist artists more than his own work, said Marcel Duchamp, whose painting "Nude Decending a Staircase" bears a resemblance to Marey's work. Musee Marey Beaune; Picture 6, Because it's such a visual cliche' to Washingtonians, it's easy to forget that before this daguerro-type of the Capitol was made in 1845 or 1846, most Americans had only a vague impression, if any, of what the building looked like. This photo shows the dome designed by Charles Bulfinch to replace the original torch by the British in the War of 1812. The Library of Congress; Picture 7, Robert E. Peary, four Eskimos and the man holding the camera got this first look at the North Pole, below, on Feb. 22, 1909. Since it didn't look much different from the surrounding thousands of miles of ice, and the navigational instruments of the day were relatively primitive, there is some dispute to this day over whether this actually is the pole. Courtesy of Cdr. E.P. Staford; Picture 8, Before 1884, photographically recording a tornado was much more complicated than you might think. 1884 was the year the hand-held, short-exposure, dry-plate camera which took the picture above was developed. Before then, a camera was supported on a tripod, the glass plates had to be coated with collodion and light-sensitive chemicals, a long exposure made, and then the photo developed in a portable darkroom. That was not the most feasible procedure as 200-mile-an-hour winds headed toward the terrified photographer. This photo was made Aug. 28, 1884, near Howard, S.D. National Oceanic and Atomospheric Administration; Picture 9, It was once thought that incest and cannibalism were universal taboos. The discovery of cannibals in the New Hebrides killed half of that idea. The above 1912 photograph, however, demonstrates that there is one thing that the entire human race has in common: every person is capable of being a ham. The natives above are crowding around a showing of a film about them made by Martin Johnson, complete with the advertising used on Broadway. International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House; Picture 10, If the idea of a presidential inauguration this January bores you, remember that there was a day when few Americans knew what one looked like. At left is the first photograph of an inauguration -- Abraham Lincoln's, 1861. Lloyd Ostendorf Collection, Dayton, Ohio; Picture 11, It is much to easy to visualize planes roaring off aircraft carriers today, but that, too, was not always the case. Below is the first photo of such a launch. It was taken Nov. 14, 1910, only seven years after the Wright brothers' first flight. The pilot with the bravado: Eugene Ely. National Archives; Picture 12, Shot perhaps in 1866, this is the first photo of what would become a world symbol of hatred: the Ku Klux Klan. Lloyd Ostendorf Collection, Dayton, Ohio; Picture 13, The first of the flag-raising at Iwo Jima. The one immortalized in the statue was posed after the shooting had stopped. National Archives; Picture 14, The first underwater photo, below, was taken of Prof. Louis Boutan with his first waterproof camera in 1893. Edward Epstean Collection, Columbia University