Shouts of "Amen" and "Make it clear!" bounced off the pink walls of All Souls' Unitarian Church, through open windows and into a fading evening light. The Columbia Heights neighborhood formed its nightly front-porch clutches near 16th and Harvard streets. In a curbside car, a federal agent watched people come and go.
It was Oct. 4, 1981, "African Hebrew Culture Day." Inside the auditorium of the graystone church, a thin, heavy-browed Chicago native with a sparing smile stepped to the rostrum. He was arrayed in white pants and a fringed cotton tunic; he carried in his left hand a black staff topped with a white figure. The speaker was Prince Asiel Ben Israel, chief spokesman for the Original African Hebrew Israelite Nation of Jerusalem, a religious group familiarly known as the Black Hebrews.
Prince Asiel looked down at his 250 listeners. Some were in shirtsleeves. A few, young men, wore the white shirts, flatblack suits and bow ties of the Black Muslims. Others, like Hyacinthe Napper, an aide to Rep. John Conyers (D-Mich.), and Myrtle Washington, a lawyer and then a staff member of the District of Columbia Bar, were in their Sunday best. A score of women, clad in the typically bright garb of the Black Hebrew movement, wore flowing patterned gowns of yellow, red, blue and green, with matching head cloths.
Prince Asiel wiped his brow, set the baton aside and spoke of God's master plan. "You've got a date with destiny... You are the chosen people of God. I'm not saying the kingdom will come: I'm saying the kingdom has come." His whirling hands blurred the pulpit. "We are the advanced children, the sons and daughters of the prophets."
Before his emergence as the Black Hebrews' international ambassador, Prince Asiel was known as Warren Brown. Today, his disciples call him an angel from Heaven, second only to the all-powerful Rabbi Ben Ami Carter, who founded the Black Hebrews in the mid-1960s in Chicago's southside ghetto. Carter, an erstwhile truck driver and foundry worker, is revered as a living god moving toward freedom as Moses -- a black Moses, according to the believers -- did millennia ago.
Meanwhile, Prince Asiel, one of 12 Black Hebrew "princes," tends to secular affairs, here and abroad, preaching a gospel of black supremacy. He regularly rants against an American system of "federal chattel," as he warns his listeners of the white devil and Armageddon.
"You have no future in America," he tells this congregation. "Now you can come back to Africa."
Over the past five years, the nation's newspeople have repeatedly taken note of the group's colorful lifestyle and radical pronouncements, including a call for the overthrow of Israel where about 3,000 Black Hebrews -- the majority of them children -- live in Dimona, Arad and Mitzpeh Ramon. Another 3,000 or so live in a dozen U.S. cities, often in communal households, or in Ghana and Liberia.
The Black Hebrews, to their adherents, represent an army of salvation. Hampton Institute graduate Terry Warr, a leader in the group's Washington community, says simply: "This is the only alternative for black people." Desmond Green, a 42-year-old Jamaican, believes that "Caucasian consciousness has taken the whole human family to the brink of death."
More recently, however, the news media, especially in Atlanta and Chicago, have begun to focus a different kind of journalistic attention on some members of the movement. There have been articles about individual Black Hebrews charged, indicted or convicted in forgeries, frauds or thefts involving banks, credit cards, business checks or passports.
Federal investigators have begun charting the movements of some members of the group. Law enforcement officials believe these members have stung more than 50 businesses in America, Europe and Africa for more than $20 million. (One of the largest alleged capers to date involved the theft of $572,000 from the Northern Trust Co. of Chicago. Three high-ranking Black Hebrew fugitives -- all indicted -- are wanted in connection with that case.)
In the spring of 1981, according to special agent Vic O'Korn, the FBI called a meeting in Washington and, acting under the Racketeering and Influence in Corrupt Organizations statute, formed a federal task force to investigate whether some members of the Black Hebrews were involved in various kinds of theft or fraud; the U.S. Postal Inspection Service, represented by postal inspector Ryland M. Saxby, was named coordinating agency for all of the federal, state and local law enforcement agencies involved.
Now, about six Black Hebrews are in prison, convicted of international transportation of stolen property, passport fraud, credit card fraud or bank theft. More than 40 federal indictments have been returned against at least 40 people who were participants in the religious activities of the Black Hebrews. Criminal proceedings are now under way in Washington, New York, Chicago and Atlanta.
During a May 1981 interview at the Black Hebrews' Washington headquarters, the prince, when asked, roundly denied that any member of the Black Hebrew movement is involved in Illegal activity; instead, he said that the FBI is waging a hate campaign against the sect to stifle the emergence of a strong black movement. "Don't you remember what they did to [Martin Luther] King?" he asked.
His chief assistant, also named Asiel Ben Israel, was equally adamant in a separate interview. "We wouldn't accept stolen money," he said. "There's no way that you're going to have freedom and not commit some crimes, or be accused of committing crimes." When asked to comment on the passport fraud conviction of Lionel Winfield, a frequent speaker at Black Hebrew meetings in Washington, he said, "In our community that's an honorable crime... He did it for freedom."
In May 1, 1980, the FBI's Chicago office began circulating a memo to law enforcement officials around the country that reported: "The Black Hebrews were organized in Chicago in 1969, by Ben Carter and Warren Brown. The group's basic doctrine is that they are the lost tribe of the original 12 tribes of Israel. The group teaches its members that Israel is the promised land and that its members should migrate to Israel..." The memo goes on to say that some adherents of the Black Hebrews "have resorted to a wide variety of criminal activities... These activities include massive credit card fraud, internal bank frauds, a multimillion-dollar theft of airline tickets and numerous check frauds. The group recruits heavily from the black middle class...."
"It should be pointed out that the BH movement is a religion. Not all members of the BH are involved in the group's criminal activities. However, through continued involvement with the group, individuals with no previous experience are being convinced to steal for the benefit of the group."
(No charges related to inducing others to steal have been filed against any Black Hebrews, and no action of any kind has been brought against the group itself.)
As the FBI's report was being transmitted to the agencies' field offices, a brilliant 21-year-old woman from the suburbs of Rockville, Kym Aven Wilson, had begun a quixotic quest in the Black Hebrews. The story of her turnabout is incomplete, for Kym Wilson was not available to speak for herself: what follows is from information supplied by her family, high school and college teachers and police and court records.
Long intrigued by Africa, Wilson, according to her father, had recently returned from a tour of The Gambia in West Africa where she was in a traffic accident in which she was thrown from an open car. Kym Wilson came home unhurt, but not unmarked.
"She said she had to be somebody special in order to come out of that particular accident alive," said her father, Frantz Wilson, a health specialist at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. "She dwelled on that quite a bit."
Her return was triumphant. In her absence Duke University had awarded her a full scholarship, and the American Psychological Association promised a stipend. She was packed and ready to leave for graduate school. But the night before her planned departure to Durham, Wilson called a family conference. She stunned her mother and father with an announcement that she had decided to dedicate her life to the Black Hebrew Israelites: no school, no stipend, no scholarship.
"My first reaction was total confusion, ignorance of what was going on, disbelief," her father said later, "pure, unadulterated shock at her decision."
Kym Wilson then began a pattern of life that has become familiar to federal agents. She left home and moved into a large, drab brick house at 1428 Buchanan St. in Northwest Washington, one of at least five Black Hebrew communal homes in the metropolitan area. Her family rarely saw her: through the week, she worked as a teller at Chevy Chase Savings and Loan. And most Wednesday nights she went to the Black Hebrews' four-hour public services in a rented basement at All Souls' Unitarian Church where she would see two college friends, Terry Warr, whom she dated while at Hampton Institute, and Edwin J. Goodwine.
At the services the faithful prayed and sang homespun spirituals and Hebrew chants. A Black Hebrew leader, such as Asiel Ben Israel, 33, the former Bruce Green, stirred a flock of 40 or more like a hottongued preacher at a steamy summer revival. (This Asiel Ben Israel is not to be confused with Prince Asiel Ben Israel, the national official of the movement who spoke in October.)
Acclaimed by the devout as a saint, Washington's Asiel accepted the praise of hands clapping as he strolled across the red-tiled floor. A lesser saint, the 24-year-old Warr, offered this pledge of allegiance: "He only needs to tell me to do something and I do it."
Asiel, during services attended by a reporter, preached in whispers and shouts: "It is for mankind's sake that we have come... Is there some place on the planet where we can find peace? ... We are the children of God... America speaks with a forked tongue... capitalism don't fit my system... white folk make us angry, you're the problem... move us out of your communities and we'll save ourselves."
Halloos and hallelujahs collided in the fluorescent air. Heads bobbed. Children cried. "To hell with America" was an audience refrain.
Kym Wilson's Presbyterian family said they were baffled by her apostasy in favor of an unorthodox religious group that preaches prohibition, polygamy and a vegetarian diet. Although her father tolerated Wilson's conversion, he was repulsed by the Black Hebrews' canons of male domination, strict obedience and racism. Evidently, the change was drastic for his daughter as well. Previously she had strived for racial harmony, even during several years of violence at her predominantly white high school.
Thomas Warren was principal at Richard Montgomery High School when Wilson, a member of the class of 1976, became the school's first black homecoming queen. "It was a time of great racial tension," Warren recalls, "put she was not a part of that. To the contrary, she was a healer, someone who solved those problems. It didn't matter if you were black or white. She was above all that."
Inner wounds festered, though, said her father. He said she was branded an oreo -- black on the outside, white on the inside -- by some intolerant schoolmates. Other adolescent slights and taunts accumulated, until, in her father's words, she felt a "massive rejection by the white society."
Four years later, as Kym Wilson found succor in a Black Hebrew world, Frantz Wilson found worry. He said he read nettlesome news accounts of federal investigators and banking officials charging that some Black Hebrew zealots had stolen or embezzled from banks and businesses. Kym, he came to believe, had been brainwashed and, with her access to bank assets, was facing disaster. Montgomery County police said Frantz Wilson was worried enough to warn Chevy Chase Savings and Loan.
On Feb. 24, last year, Wilson's night-mare materialized when Kym Wilson became a bank theft suspect. At least five customer accounts had been tampered with and $14,500 in checks were missing, according to police and court records. Also missing was Kym Wilson, who was indicted in Montgomery County on March 28 on charges of forgery and bank theft. The Wilsons have not seen their daughter since.
Finding Kym has become an obsession for Frantz Wilson. He has posed as a bum outside Black Hebrew meetings in Atlanta, quietly watched Ben Ami Carter's minions in Chicago, asked questions at All Souls' Unitarian Church here, where those who knew Kym Wilson told him only that his daughter is a front-line soldier.
The Rev. Ernest R. Gibson, executive director of the Council of Churches of Greater Washington, views the Black Hebrews' emergence as part of the "phenomenon of intelligent young blacks moving from the Christian faith to Asiatic religions." Many, he said, feel the need to identify with "Africa as a mother country. It grows in college and carries on as they search for the truth."
And Gibson believes that the "sense of insecurity" that flourishes in a high-technology, nuclear world invites suggestions of Armageddon. "Out of this confusion, they seek someone who has the answers, or seems to," he said. "That someone often requires complete obedience from the faithful."
Yale psychology professor and author Robert Lifton agrees. "Cults offer principles in an absolute way. They offer an immediate solution... a transcendence."
But there is no immediate explanation of why some members of a religious community drifted into the less spiritual realm of claiming connections to phony businesses, taking fliers in the diamond trade or serving time in prison.
One disaffected member of the organization, Tommy Whitfield, said in an interview, "It all started out as a legit thing."
Whitfield, who is the author of From Night to Sunlight, an autobiographical account of his life as a Black Hebrew, was imprisoned in Israel on several fraud charges. (On one stolen credit card, Whitfield said he charged $28,000.) In 1980, he wrote: "I hardly gave my fraudulent activity a thought. I was in a far-out mood."
Whitfield said that during his period of active involvement with Black Hebrews in Israel, illicit funds were a significant factor in the support of the growing, mostly unemployed community.
"It's hard for people to understand what is really going on or what the outcome will be," he said.
The Black Hebrews, according to federal officials and Israeli documents, in addition to news accounts and books on the group, are governed by an upper echelon that is led by the autocratic Carter. Twelve "princes" serve on his council; three of them, Prince Asiel Ben Israel (Warren Brown), Hezekiah Ben Israel (Charles Blackwell) and El Kanan (Clarence Ellis), are reportedly Carter's chief lieutenants.
The federal task force since 1980 has been investigating whether Prince Asiel, the Black Hebrews' second-in-command, has recruited or induced members of the movement to commit criminal acts. No charges arising from this investigation have been filed. Persistent efforts to reach the prince for comment on this investigation were unsuccessful.
Blackwell, according to Justice Department sources, opened a bank account with Credit Suisse in Switzerland that was seized by Swiss authorities after $100,000 in gold bars was deposited in Blackwell's name. In January 1981 three Black Hebrews were indicted in Chicago for theft of the money that law enforcement officials believe was used to buy the gold.
(No charges have been filed against Blackwell.)
Ellis, the former leader of the Chicago Black Hebrew community now head of the Atlanta group, is charged in Clayton County, Ga., in connection with the theft and forgery of more than $1 million in airline tickets.
Ellis, according to a Georgia prosecutor, was apprehended while traveling under an assumed name and carrying at least three different sets of identification. At this writing he had entered no plea.
Law enforcement and airline officials say the charge against Ellis is part of a larger story. American, Delta, Republic and Eastern airlines claim losses of several million dollars to various ticket scams that they blamed on some members of the Black Hebrews. "It's a continuing problem," said Gene Stewart, assistant vice president for corporate security of Delta Air Lines.
Last month, Kym Wilson's friend Terry Warr, 24, a member of the Washington Black Hebrew organization, was arrested by Chicago police at O'Hare Airport and charged with criminal violation of the Illinois Credit Card Act after he had bought an airplane ticket and rented a car.
Although no one in the Black Hebrew world is more powerful than Carter, no one is more visible than Brown, who travels from continent to continent, shepherding he flock and always touting his divine mission on TV, radio and in the press.
Last May, he arrived for an interview with Asiel Ben Israel, who shed the name Green "as a mark of Cain." At 6 feet, with a sparse mustache and chinbeard, Green's open collar and raised sleeve revealed a penchant for gold jewelry: he wore two chains, one with a medallion of the Hebrew word "chai" ("life"), two bracelets, three rings and a watch. The prince's garb was more conservative: coat and tie.
Brown's manner was calm and poised. In words charming yet bitter, like a priest who guides and chides in even fashion, the prince decried the state of black affairs in America, expressing the belief that the black man's self-esteem has been shattered and can be rebuilt only through segregation and a spiritual awakening. "We breathe the true breach of freedom," he said.
In the prince's view, Judgment Day is fast approaching and a black God will bring deliverance. In the impending Armageddon, he argued, only blacks will be spared as God's chosen people. "It is time that Black Hebrew men determine their destiny" -- a preordained lot that has nothing to do with America.
The prince detests America's capitalistic system. But he would like the federal government to advance $1 billion in aid to finance the resettlement of "native African people. Certainly, America has an obligation to us for 250 years of free labor."
In his Oct. 4 address, the prince, with Ellis at his left, spoke of those who want to know why "we are feeding the people with unclean hands. Who paid for the ghetto, the violence, the dope, the lynchings?
"You rob a man of his language, his land and his heritage and they accuse him of being a thief." American society, he said, "has created conditions that force us to become revolutionaries.
"Those who escaped here and left a debt," he said, are blameless.
In 1980, not too long after Kym Wilson became a Black Hebrew, her father recalls, Hyacinthe Napper invited his family to her small house on Pope Street in the South-east section of Washington. Napper, a soft-spoken, grayhaired woman, has worked on Capitol Hill for more than 15 years. At this writing she is administrative assistant to Rep. John Conyers, a Detroit Democrat who is chairman of the House subcommittee on crime. At Napper's house, Wilson hoped he and his wife would meet other Black Hebrews who might allay their parental fears.
Among the guests, said Wilson, was Myrtle Washington, a lawyer and then member of the staff of the D.C. Bar. To Wilson, she, like Napper, was a striking example of a devout Black Hebrew with a solid professional life. Perhaps, Wilson thought, his daughter's conversion would not derail Kym's academic future.
The Wilsons were also comforted by a another guest at the Napper home, one who seemed to have the most influence over their daughter. Gifted with an endearing smile, she was called Ahnahtiyah, a woman federal authorities know as Norma Fitch.
Wilson said Ahnahtiyah narrated slides from her trips to Black Hebrew settlements, while Lionel Winfield, a diminutive, moon-faced postal worker, ran the projector.
In time to come the Wilsons would recall the day with agony, after Kym Wilson, Napper, Washington and Winfield had been indicted. (At this writing, Napper had pleaded innocent, Washington had made no plea and Ahnahtiyah was being sought, each on a passport fraud charge. Winfield was convicted of passport fraud and sent to prison.)
One day last May a resident of a Northwest Washington neighborhood saw a man apparently rifling a U.S. Postal Service vehicle near his house and telephoned police with a description of the man and the automobile he subsequently drove away in. The following day U.S. Postal Inspector John Evans stopped a car answering the description and arrested the driver, Kym Wilson's college friend and fellow Black Hebrew Edwin Goodwine. There appeared to be stolen mail in the back seat of the car, Evans said. Released on $5,000 bail, Goodwine failed to appear at a hearing the following week, and has not been seen by authorities since. He was subsequently indicted for unlawful possession of stolen mail.
Armed with a search warrant, on June 2 members of the federal task force entered Goodwine's ground-floor apartment in Hyattsville. Letters addressed to several of the Black Hebrew communal houses were scattered across the floor. Some were love letters from female admirers to Eddie Lemon, a former WHUR-FM disc jockey. (Federal investigators believe Lemon until recently led the Black Hebrew community in Chicago. No charge or allegations have been made against Lemon. He could not be reached for comment.)
There was more. Eight briefcases-full to be exact, briefcases stuffed with identification cards, checks and documents. At first, agents sifted through the cache with bewilderment. "I was amazed. I've never seen anything like it before," said Ryland M. Saxby, the U.S. Postal Service inspector now in charge of the federal task force.
A 126-page catalogue of the 10,000 documents seized at Goodwine's apartment listed the contents. Among the items listed:
341 birth certificates, which investigators believe were phony.
56 drivers' licenses.
51 personal and business checkbooks containing 7,000 or more checks.
80 credit cards that investigators believe were stolen.
180 airline tickets and flight coupons.
244 other pieces of identification.
In some cases, photographs of the same person were attached to ID documents made out to as many as a dozen different names.
Federal, state, local government IDs, some genuine, some fake, were common -- among the agencies represented were the Department of Defense, the District of Columbia government, U.S. Customs, U.S. Postal Service, U.S. Army and U.S. Public Health Service.
"The magnitude is far beyond what we suspected," said Mike Hearst, Washington's assistant postal inspector in charge.
Investigators believe the key that explained much of the rest of the material was a 4-by-6-inch yellow-ruled pad that was found in one of the briefcases. On its margin were scrawled the words "Business 101," and the top sheet of the pad was dated "Sept. 17, 1980." Page after page of the handwritten document explained, step by step, how to arrange for fake birth certificates, passports, travelers checks, IDs, bank accounts and credit cards. Carefully the writer noted what to do, and what not to do:
"Avoid Riggs, NatBank-Wash, American Security," one entry warned. Another stressed the importance of collecting and giving false addresses -- "nothing leading back to the houses."
The author listed two addresses that could be used for ID purposes, and added: "Notify resident before using." Two names followed: Hyacinthe Napper, her address on Pope St. SE, Washington, D.C. 20020, and her telephone number. Myrtle Washington, her address and her phone number were a pencil-point away.
Police also found 57 passports, one of them issued in the name of LaFawn Snow. The accompanying photograph resembled Napper.
"I am a straight person," said Napper, when told by a reporter of the discovery of the passport and the appearance of her name in the "Business 101" notes. "I have no need to do anything circuitous."
(On the basis of the LaFawn Snow passport Napper was indicted for passport fraud several months later and pleaded innocent.)
Investigators also confiscated a half-dozen letters written on congressional stationery. One, written on Rep. John Conyers' letterhead and signed with his name, was a letter of recommendation for Napper's son, Guy T. Napper Jr., identified as vice president of Napper and Sons Structural Engineering, Inc., Washington, D.C. The letter praised the younger Napper's "exemplary" service under contract to the Capitol architect under Rep. Conyers' patronage. Napper's duties on Conyers' patronage were those of elevator operator, according to the Architect of the Capitol's office. In an interview Hyacinthe Napper acknowledged, when asked, that there is no such firm as Napper and Sons. Guy T. Napper Jr. is said to be living now in Israel.
(Conyers did not respond to requests for interviews made before Hyacinthe Napper was indicted; after the indictment he said he would have no comment on the matter.)
The documents seized at Goodwine's abandoned quarters also supplied the first trace of Kym Wilson her father had learned of in some months. His daughter's name appeared on receipts, checks and a passport application.
The next mention of Kym Wilson surfaced in July in a federal courtroom in Baltimore, where an allwhite jury heard evidence against Clarence Turner and Anthony John Frazier, who were charged with wire fraud and mail fraud.
Turner, a suave, smooth-skinned Chicagoan, appeared jaunty as he heard the charges. Near his right hand lay a Schofield Bible. Between references to the Scriptures, he winked and waved at three women in floor-length gowns and headdresses who sat through the three-day trial. The expressionless Frazier was as taciturn as a Trappist monk.
Both men pleaded innocent.
In the courtroom, Frantz Wilson watched a familiar yarn unravel. Here, in Turner, according to a resume he submitted to the court, was another Black Hebrew with stellar credentials: U.S. Special Forces veteran, top-security clearance at a NATO post, bachelor of arts, advanced study in international trade, letter of commendation from former President Nixon for community service, references that included Rep. Gus Savage (D-Ill.) and Vice President Hamilton Green of Guyana.
According to testimony, on the morning of March 6, 1981, Francene Stevens, a bank teller at People's Security Bank in Rockville, came to work unusually carly at 8:05 on a frigid Friday: it was 20 degrees outside. Stevens wore no coat.
Kristy Moeller, a fellow bank employe, testified that Stevens opened her vault and then left without a word. "I've never seen her again." Stevens' drawer was short $7,500 and several blank cashier's checks were also missing, according to prosecution testimony.
That same day, witnesses testified, Turner walked into the New York branch of the Algemene Bank Nederland, a Dutch bank, and deposited one of the missing checks, made out for $75,000 payable to Breake P. Johnson, Frazier's alias. Within 48 hours, Turner and Frazier were both arrested in Amsterdam after a suspicious New York teller had uncovered the ruse.
At the trial, as Dutch police testified about Turner's exploits, his confidence seemed to sag under the weight of the evidence; he switched his plea to guilty of wire fraud. Frazier pleaded guilty to mail fraud.
While the two waited for Judge Shirley Jones to determine their sentences, letters of support poured in for both men. Rep. Harold Washington (D-Ill.) wrote: "I always found him [Turner] to be a person of high standards, sober, a stable family man, who is well received in his community." Illinois General Assemblyman Emil Jones added his testimony of Turner's virtue.
Turner, in papers he submitted to the court, claimed that he was the president of the Liberian International Trading Company, the same company named on confiscated business cards -- they were seized by task force members at two abandoned Black Hebrew homes in the Washington area -- that list Prince Asiel Ben Israel as its chairman of the board, and Monrovia and Chicago as its office locations. U.S. and Liberian trade officials said they have no knowledge of such a firm.
The Turner-Frazier trial contained one final surprise: according to court papers, the prosecution proffered evidence that a Chevy Chase Savings and Loan Check was made out $7,000 payable to Breake P. Johnson -- with the participation of Kym Aven Wilson.
Few fledgling religious groups attract the attention of local, state and federal authorities and others as have the Black Hebrews. FBI agents, the federal task force, an Israeli commission, the A. Philip Randolph Institute and two books, Whitfield's From Night to Sunlight and Israel Gerber's Heritage Seekers, have explored the Black Hebrew phenomenon.
"We felt a purpose, an identity," Whitfield wrote. "We had the feeling of counting for something. We had a destiny, under Ben Carter's leadership, to inherit the land of Israel, expel the Jewish 'usurpers,' and live in a peaceable Kingdom.
"But all of those dreams were shattered." Today, Whitfield says, "It seems to be a lost cause."
Perhaps lost, but no longer nascent, the Black Hebrews and their leaders have, in part, reached their goal of fleeing the United States for Israel. However, A U.S. State Department official said, "All or most of these people are there illegally." Even so, Israel and the United States are interested in a humane settlement of the issue of the Black Hebrews' future in the Holy Land.
Meantime, federal investigators believe they know the whereabouts of least 11 Black Hebrew fugitives in Israel; and the task force has asked the Israelis to deport, not extradite, the fugitives. The U.S. State Department is opposed to any such move, a stance which angers some task force members. "The biggest problem we have is with our own State Department."
At times, Frantz Wilson admits to being worn and frazzled from months of searching for his daughter. This past yuletide brought the Wilsons their first Christmas without Kym. "It's just not the same," her father said on Christmas Eve. Still, he remains undaunted.
So too, does Asiel Ben Israel (Green). "I just wish you could see us in 10 years," he said.