Oppressive, hot, humid summers have always given city dwellers a god excuse to beat a hasty retreat. In Wwashington, the populace clogs eastbound roads, while members of Congress fly off to enjoy summer recesses, often in their home district. For presidents there is usually a summer home -- a cozy, shady, comfy but still officially elegant spot where the comander in chief can run the country in a short-sleeved shirt. Here are some presidentsh favorite summer havens: Thomas Jefferson: Monticello, Charlottesville, Va. James Madison: Montpelier, Va. James Monroe: Ashlawn, Oak Hill, Va. Andrew Jacskon: The Hermitage, Nashville, Tenn. John Tyler: Sherwood Forest, Charles City, Va. James Polk: Fortress Monroe, Va. Millard Fillmore: White Sulphur Springs, W. Va. Franklin Pierce: Virginia Springs, Va., and Fortress Monroe, Va. James, Buchanan, Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, Rutherford B. Hayes and Chester Arthur were fond of relaxing in a comfortable home in Washington's surrounding countryside: their summer White House is now the Soldiers Home, and that charming countryside is now North Capitol Street and environs. Ulysses S. Grant: Long Beach, N.J. Grover Cleveland: Gray Gables, Buzzards Bay, Mass. Benjamin Harrison: Cape May, N.J. William McKinley: Canton, Ohio Teddy Roosevelt: Sagamore Hill, Oyster Bay, N.Y. William Howard Taft: Beverly, Mass. Woodrow Wilson: Cornish, N.H. Warren G. Harding, one of the few presidents who preferred to stay in town, was fond of taking jaunts in his yacht, The Mayflower, which was moored on the Potomac. Calvin Coolidge: The Beeches, Northampton, Mass. Herbert Hoover: Rapidan Camp, Va. Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Harry Truman escapted to Shangri-La, a Maryland retreat now known by the less exotic name of Camp David. Dwight D. Eisenhower: Camp David, Md., and Gettysburg, Pa. John F. Kennedy: Hyannisport, Mass. Lyndon Johnson: LBJ Ranch, Jonson City, Tex. Richard Nixon: San Clemente, Calif. Gerald Ford: Vail, Colo., and Palms Springs, Calif. Jimmy Carter: Camp David, Md., and Plains, Ga. Ronald Reagan: Santa Barbara, Calif.