ART Black painters and sculptors are represented in "Shared Traditions: Five Black Artists in Nineteenth Century America" at the National Museum of American Art (357-2627) through April 7. Although the bucolic Scottish landscapes, grave portraits and marble carvings do not depict the lives of coarse humiliations these black artists lived, they have considerable artistic and historical significance.

Anyone in search of great prints dare not miss a retrospective of the work of the late June Hoke, one of the founders of Printmakers Inc., at Printmakers, in the Torpedo Factory in Alexandria through Jan. 21. CLASSICAL MUSIC

There will be many happy returns in the National Symphony's program this week under the baton of Mstislav Rostropovich. The 300th anniversary of the births of Bach and Handel (this year's major musical theme) will be observed with performances of Handel's Concerto Grosso, Op. 3, No. 1, and Bach's Second Suite for Orchestra. Jean-Pierre Rampal will be the soloist in the Bach, opening Thursday (repeating Friday, Saturday ,and the following Tuesday). The highlight will be another happy return, the second performance of Ezra Laderman's Symphony No. 5 ("Isaiah"), which made a strong impression at its world premiere here in 1983. Soprano Lucy Shelton, who sang brilliantly at the premiere, will again be the soloist.

The Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center will also take a bow to Bach (along with Beethoven, Ravel and Schubert) at its concert Wednesday evening.

There will be an unusual international collaboration on Friday evening, when the Prague Symphony Orchestra and the Washington Choral Arts Society join forces for a performance of Dvorak's "The Specter's Bride" in the Kennedy Center.

A new ensemble, the Montgomery Chamber Orchestra, will give its first performance, under the direction of Piotr Gajewski, Saturday night at the National Bureau of Standards in Gaithersburg.

Other notable concerts of the week: violinist Benny Kim, Saturday night at George Mason University; Paul Hill's Washington Singers, Saturday night at the National Presbyterian Church. DANCE

Ballet Antonio Gades brings Gades' stage version of "Carmen" (his film on the same subject, which he codirected with Carlos Saura, stirred high praise) to the Warner Theatre for a week's run starting Tuesday, with Gades -- one of the century's great exponents of Spanish dance -- as Jose' and Christina Hoyos as Carmen. Another installment in the Evening of Exchange series: a free program of performance and discussion on the theme "Directions in the Interdisciplinary Arts," with choreographers, dancers, filmmakers and humanities scholars; at WPA Friday night. Glenn-Lund-Dance, a seven-member modern dance troupe from New York led by Gary Lund and Laura Glenn, makes its Washington debut at the Dance Place Friday and Saturday. "Cantata and the Blues," a tap dance program with music by Amy Duncan, features Brenda Buffalino, one of the pioneers in the resurgence of jazz tap; also a special guest appearance by the Tap Quartet, all at d.c. space in two evening performances Saturday. FILM

Tuesday through Thursday, the Biograph Theatre continues its French film festival with two classics from the "Tradition of Quality": "Forbidden Games," directed by Rene' Clement from a screenplay by Pierre Bost and Jean Aurenche, and Jean Renoir's "The Rules of the Game," an oft-cited example of how a masterpiece can be reviled and misunderstood in its own time.

Tonight and tomorrow, the Circle will play Louis Malle's "Atlantic City," from a script by playwright John Guare, with a marvelous performance by Burt Lancaster.

Friday and Saturday, the American Film Institute will screen "The Verdict," a tale of legal chicanery and failed morals, by the American director most adept with complex social themes, Sidney Lumet.

Among current releases, "The Killing Fields," a flawed but moving account of the friendship of New York Times columnist Sydney Schanberg and his assistant, Dith Pran, set against the backdrop of the bloodbath in Cambodia. POP

MUSIC Good friends, Great Guitars -- that's an apt description of Charlie Byrd, Herb Ellis and Barney Kessell, who'll return to the scene of their recent live album, Charlie's Georgetown, Tuesday through Sunday.

Banjoman Tony Trischka, part of the New Acoustic wave, will bring his progressive bluegrass band, Skyline, to the Barns at Wolf Trap on Friday.

Robin Lane and the Chartbusters remain one of Boston's most visceral rock bands, though their music, ranging from Byrdsian folk-rock to semi-punk exhortation, has never effectively translated to vinyl. They'll try it again live, at the 9:30 club on Saturday. THEATER

In "Man and Superman" (at Arena Stage), Shaw gives vent to his notion that it is Woman who pursues Man on this planet, propelled in her chase by the "life force," which wants only the betterment of the species. This questionable proposition is fortunately embodied in one of the playwright's liveliest comedies, and Arena plays it to the hilt. The 3 3/4 hour production includes Shaw's third-act dream sequence, "Don Juan in Hell," usually performed on its own. So you get two plays for the price of one.