A photo of Langston Hughes, the early Art Deco graphics of Aaron Douglas and elegant party dresses from the Harlem Institute of Fashion -- all are part of "The Renaissance: Black Arts of the Twenties" now at the Anacostia Neighborhood Museum. It runs through December. CLASSICAL MUSIC

This evening's "Save the Children" concert at Oaklands Presbyterian Church inLaurel will feature some of Washington's finest local musicians, including cellist Evelyn Elsing, violinist Jody Gatwood, pianist Brian Ganz and tenor Gene Tucker. But it will be notable particularly as a rare opportunity to hear Washington pianist Ana-Maria Vera. Seen here often as a child prodigy in the '70s, Vera is now living in Europe. A recent private recital at the Netherlands embassy, under the auspices of the Monday Evening Musicales, showed that she has developed into an adult prodigy.

The Washington Cathedral will conclude its summer festival this afternoon with a concert of "Music for the High Holy Days" sung by the Shir Chadesh Choral Society.

Jose Feghali, winner of the 1985 Van Cliburn Competition, will give a recital Friday night in the Kennedy Center.

An evening of P.D.Q. Bach, featuring his oratorio, "The Seasonings," will be presented by faculty members of the Levine School, Saturday night in the Trapier Theater of St. Albans School.

One of Europe's leading early-instrument ensembles, the Drottningholm Baroque Ensemble of Sweden, will give a concert Saturday evening in the Terrace Theater. DANCE

The India Festival of Music and Dance closes its week-long run with matinee and evening performances at the Eisenhower Theater today. The New York City Ballet, returning Wednesday night to the Kennedy Center Opera House after a season's absence, brings a week of repertory programs highlighted by the Washington premieres of Jerome Robbins' "In Memory of . . ." and Peter Martins' "Poulenc Sonata," along with six Balanchine and two other Robbins ballets, plus a week of Balanchine's "A Midsummer Night's Dream." Jazz tap soloist Brenda Bufalino continues her run of performances at Baltimore's Theatre Project, Wednesday through Sunday. A program of dance films drawn from the Dance Collection of the New York Public Library will be presented Friday night at the American Film Institute Theater, including rare footage of Ted Shawn, Ruth St. Denis and George Balanchine. The National Folk Ballet of Yugoslavia, a company of 45 dancers and musicians based in Belgrade, appears at the Kennedy Center Concert Hall Saturday evening. FILM

Tuesday and Wednesday at the Circle Theater, Luchino Visconti's "The Leopard," starring Burt Lancaster, in the uncut, original Italian.

The Soviet Cinema festival continues at the Biograph with Nikita Mikhalkov's "An Unfinished Piece for Player Piano," a lovely, moving evocation of Chekhov, through Tuesday; Friday through next Wednesday, Mikhalkov's "Oblomov," based on the Goncharov novel.

The Surrealist Cinema series continues at the Corcoran Saturday morning at 11 a.m. with "Le Retour a la Raison" and "Les Myste res du Cha teau du De'," two films by Man Ray.

More surrealism: currently at the Key, "What Have I Done to Deserve This?," directed by Pedro Almovodar. POP MUSIC

Michel Petrucciani, the diminutive French jazz pianist, performs at Blues Alley on Monday and Tuesday.

Two outstanding new singer-songwriters, New York's Suzanne Vega and Canada's Jane Siberry, perform at the Bayou on Monday and the 9:30 on Wednesday, respectively.

Straight-ahead jazz rules next weekend, with Roland Hanna's New York Jazz Quartet at the One Step Down, and the masterly Jimmy Heath leading his own quartet at the reopened Woody's Hilltop Pub. THEATER

For splash and glitter and a stupendous performance by Keene Curtis, as the grande dame of a questionable St. Tropez nightclub, there's the Broadway musical "La Cage aux Folles" (at the National). At the other end of the spectrum is the intimate one-man show of "Avner the Eccentric," a baggy-pants clown, mime and acrobat, whose modesty is very much part of his charm (at Arena's Kreeger Theater).