Here's a brief sketch -- and chart -- of the prime-time television picture for 1985- 86. It is a season whose trends include anthologies (there are four), a resurgence of the black family following the success of "The Cosby Show," a pair of "Miami Vice" clones, a variety of rectifiers of wrongs, including an assortment of detectives public, private and quasi, and assorted comedies.

And locally there are a number of new and transplanted programs, as well as the return of "The Carol Randolph Show" to WDVM.

Anthologies on tap this fall are "George Burns' Comedy Week," "The Twilight Zone," Steven Spielberg's "Amazing Stories" and "Alfred Hitchcock Presents." If you love "Miami Vice" you might like "The Insiders" and "Hollywood Beat." Two new black-family situation comedies come to the networks in "227" and "Charlie & Co." And Alan Thicke, whose night-time talk show did not last, is back with his own contribution to family- oriented comedy, "Growing Pains."

Channel 4 is challenging "Wheel of Fortune" with another popular game show, the nighttime version of "The Price Is Right," at 7:30 p.m. Four also premiers "Health Matters" this morning at 9:30 with Henry Tennenbaum and offers "The New Newlywed Game" at 9:30 weekday mornings.

Some of the most recent series hits will turn up in reruns. Channel 4 has put "Hart to Hart in its 4 p.m. timeslot weekdays. And the D.C. area viewers may come to feel like the control group in a "Dynasty" overexposure experiment. Not only is the ABC network scheduled to replace "Lady Blue" with "Dynasty II: The Colbys" mid- November, but Channel 5 will add "Dynasty" reruns to its schedule four times a week starting Monday (9 each weeknight save Wednesday). And Five will also offer "Gimme a Break" at 5 p.m. weekdays.

Channel 7 will counter "Hart to Hart" with "America," a syndicated offering featuring Sarah Purcell, venturing forth for an hour in search of real American people and trends in the country. "America" will be followed by "Jeopardy."

Seven also offers a news-oriented quiz show at 9 a.m. weekdays called "Headline Chasers," with Wink Martindale asking the questions. That will be followed by "Tic Tac Dough," TV justice in the form of "The People's Court" and "The All New Let's Make a Deal."

Channel 9 returns Carol Randolph to her familiar 10 a.m. weekday timeslot, but the new "Carol Randolph Show" is a half-hour instead of a whole. The next half hour is occupied by "Sally Jessy Raphael," a syndicated talk show. With "Donahue" at 9 a.m., Nine offers two hours of talk each morning. And Redskins chatter, in form of Nine's "Redskin Sidelines," moves to 7:30 Saturday from its accustomed Monday night spot.