Lots of money news for government workers in the President's final budget that went to Congress yesterday. Among the items:

A proposed increase for nearly 20,000 career civilian executives (and some top ranking military brass) of from $29 a yar to $7,900 a year.

A projection in the budget that the next regular October (1977) pay raise for the area's 450,000 white collar civilians and military people will average about 6.5 per cent, (the October, 1976, raise was a sliging scale increase, which averaged 4.83 per cent).

A budget estimate that the October, 1978, raise will be for about 6.25 per cent.

A recommendation from President Ford that Congress reform the annual wage system used to pay half a million blue collar workers, a reform that wold mean smaller pay increases in the future.

The first on the horizon is the proposed February increase for top elected and appointed officials and members of Congress. It would average 28 per cent and - if Congress lets it go through within the 30 day period it has to accept or reject - would have the effect of boosting salaries for thousands of Grade 15, 16, 17 and 18 career government employees.

Mr Ford's pay proposal would lift the career salary ceiling from $39,600 where it is now to $47,500. That would mean employees who have been frozen in salary because of the pay lid could move up to be getting, or in the case of supergraders to the $47,500 maximum in many cases.

Under that proposal, the 7th step of Grade 15 would got up to $40,545; the 8th step to $41,671; the 9th step to $42,797 and the 10th step to $43,923. All workers in those longevity pay steps of Grade 15 now get the maximum $39,600.

All Grade 16 workers will get some increase. GS 16 employees in the first play step will get only $29 a year to $39,629; second step will go to $40,960; step 3 will go to $42,271; step 4, $43,592; step 5, $44,913; step 6, $46,234; step 7, $47,500; step 8 also to $47,500 and step 9, $47,500 which would be the new pay ceiling.

Grade 17 workers in the first step would go to $46,423; step 2 through 5 would all be moved up to the maximum $47,500 and Grade 18 would also move up from the present $39,600 maximum to $47,500 if the new ceiling is approved.

Those increases also would go to other federal employees under different pay systems, which now are frozen at the $39,600 level. They include more than 1,300 foreign service officers; 2,800 VA employees in the Department of Medicine and Surgery; 160 military officers; more than 1,200 employees in the so-called PL 313 pay category and about 1,000 other U.S. executives whose salaries are at the $39,600 level and who will benefit in the ceiling to $47,500.

Postal employees are not included in any of the raises under discussion since they bargain separately with the U.S. Postal Service. Federal and military retirees will not get any of these raises. They get regular cost-living increases each March 1 and Sept. 1 (payable one month later).