Gladys Drake Martin, 66, an education specializing in guidance and personnel, died Sunday at the Colonial Villa Convalescent Home in Silver Spring after a long illness.

From 1953 to 1959, she was dean of women at Hampton Institute and then was coordinator of student activities at the school from 1961 to 1963.

During this period, her husband, Dr. William Harris Martin, was dean of the faculty at Hampton Institute. She traveled with him on numerous trips in connection with forming extension school in the Virgin Islands and later when he worked as an education officer with U.S.-sponsored schools abroad.

They came to Washington in 163, when Dr. Martin took a position with the Department of Health, Education and Welfare.

In 1964, Mrs. Martin became associated with a federally funded project involving parent education in connection with Howard University's pre-school program.

From 1969 until retiring in 1973, she worked on setting up a program of vocational testing for paraprofessionals with HEW state merit system.

Born in Hattiesburg, Miss., Mrs. Martin attended Texas College in Tyler, Tex., and graduated from Philander Smith College in Little Rock, Ark. She earned a Master's degree in guidance and personnel from Ohio State University and took further graduate work work at Boston University and the University of Virginia.

Mrs. Martin taught at Langston University in Oklahoma before going to Hampton Institute.

She was a volunteer worker and the first black member of the board of Washington Opportunites for Women.

She also did volunteer work wiht the African-American Women's Association.

In addition to her husband, of the home in Washington, she is survived by a daughter, Joyce Hickman, of Silver Spring, and a brother, Albert Drake, of Hattiesburg.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy may be in the form of contributions to the American Cancer Society or the Emphysema Memorial Fund.