Margery Newcomb Wilson, 85, an artist and art teacher, died Wednesday at Montogmery General Hospital following surgery.

She had been a resident of Friends House in Sandy Spring for the past 10 years.

Born in Brookline, Mass., Miss Wilson spent her younger years in Washington, where she graduated from Western High School. She was the granddaughter of the noted astronomer, Simon Newcomb, onetime head of the Naval Observatory here.

After graduating in 1914 from Vassar College, where she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, Miss Wilson studied at Pratt Art Institute in New York and at art schools in Paris.

She worked mainly in oils, painting landscapes and still lifes. She donated many of her paintings to various Veterans Administration hospitals.

Miss Wilson taught art in several private schools in New York State and then was head of the art department of Greenwich Academy in Connecticut for 30 years before her retirement 10 years ago. She was a former president of the Greenwich Society of Artists.

She had visited art galleries throughout the world and frequetly gave illustrated lectures on them.

She is survived by a brother, Simon M. Wilson, of Chevy Chase, and four sisters, Dr. Hildegard W. Cannan and Mary H. Wilson, both of Washington, Mildred W. Noce, of Sperryville, Va., and Herta W. Cavenaugh, of Baltimore.