Woodrow Wilson (Buck) Vines, 67, a Labor Department aide, died Tuesday at Arlington Hospital of a head injury suffered Monday when he fell from a ladder at his home in Arlington.

With the Labor Department here for 17 years, he was a supervisory manpower development specialist who certified alien farm laborers.

Born in Winding Gulf, W. Va., Mr. Vines was a graduate of Bethany College in West Virginia. He worked for the State Employment Commission in Beckley before World War II, then served with the Navy in Europe and the South Pacific.

Mr. Vines returned to Beckley after the war and worked for the Veterans Administration there until 1951. He then operated a retail gasoline business until coming here in 1960.

He was a member of the Masons and the Shrine, the Disabled American Veterans, the American Legion and the American Horticultural Society.

He is survived by his wife, Virginia, of the home; two sons, Army Col. Ronald C. Vines, of Springfield, Va., and Dr. Frederick S. Vines, of Richmond, Va.; a daughter, Catherine, of Blacksburg, Va.; a sister, Gladys Honaker, of New Smyrna Beach, Fla.; four brothers, Orin and Donald, both of Beckley, James, of Warren, Ohio, and Kyle, of Huntington, W. Va., and seven grandchildren.