Dr. Wolfgang H. Kraus, 72, professor emeritus of political science and international affairs at George Washington University, died Monday at his home in Washington after a long illness.

He had retired from George Washington University in 1973 after 26 years on the faculty. Part of that time he also had been chairman of the political science department and president of the faculty senate.

Dr. Kraus took a sabbatical in 1954 to serve as visiting professor of American studies and director of the American Institute at the University of Heidelberg in West Germany.

He took a second sabbatical in 1966 and 1967 to serve at the Institute of International Studies at the University of Cologne in West Germany.

Born in Frankfurt, Germany, he received a law degree from the University of Frankfurt. He came to this country in 1929 and earned a doctor of jurisprudence degree from Harvard University.

Although his degrees were in law, most of his teaching and research were in political science particularly in comparative politics and political theory.

Dr. Kraus taught political science at Harvard, Wellesley and Smith colleges and the University of Michigan before coming here.

Near the end of World War II, he served with the U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey in Germany.

After joining George Washington University in 1947, he also served [WORD ILLEGIBLE] several years as chairman of the department of social science at Howard University.

He was a member of the Sino-Soviet Institute the American Political Science Association, the American Association of University Professors and the Cosmos Club.

He is survived by his wife Astria of the home; four children, Ellen, Robert and Rainer, all of Washington, and Jon Peter, of Fredonia, N.Y., and two grandchildren.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy may be in the form of contributions to the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston for neurological research.