Republicans in Virginia's 20th District (Loundoun and Prince William Counties) are for the first time holding a primary election to chose candidates for the House of Delegates.

Having abandoned the traditional method of selecting candidates by convection, the GOP must choose three nominees from four candidates.

They are Paula Faraday, 46, of Catharpin; Richard Calabria, 33, of Manassas; Robert Statz, 30 of Manassas; and Eileen Stout, 32, of Dumfries.

With no candidate from Londoun County, which has about due third of the district's population, and three candidates from the Manassas area in western Prince William, which also has about a third, the ticket for the fall election will have some problems with geographical balance.

The GOP niminees, regardless of the outcome in the primary, will have one feature in common with the two Democratic candidates from Prince William.

None of the four Republicans or the two incumbent Democrats was born in Virginia. It is a characteristic of the rapidly growing, suburn nature of Prince William.

One result is the absence of any strong Republic machine, a situation further complicated by the absence of party registration in Virginia.

Several of the candidates predicted that only about 2,500 persons would vote in the GOP primary with roughly 2,000 votes needed to win nomination. Republicans may cross over into the Democratic primary to vote for Henry Howell against Andrew Miller in the gubernatorial race on the theory that Howell will be easier for Republican Lt. Gov. John N. Dalton to beat.

The candidates all said campaign spending would be minimal with costs generally in the range of $2,000. Most of that will go for printing and mailing with the majority of campaigning being conducted door to door, at coffees or by telephone.

Richard A. Calabria

Calabria was born in Brooklyn and served as a corpsman in the Navy before moving to Petersburg, Va., 10 years ago. After three years there and three in Richmond, where he studied accounting at Virginia Commonwealth University, Calabria moved to Manassas, where he is now manager of the Ramada Inn.

Calabria said he decided to enter politic s for the first time out of frustration over the high cost of taxes and energy, high crime rates and lack of fiscal responsibility.

He said that his bisiness and accounting background give him an advantage over some of his primary opponents. "I think some of them don't have any [WORD ILLEGIBLE] what the business world is all about," he said.

Calabria said his first goal will be to put together comprehensive anticrime [WORD ILLEGIBLE] including mandatory sentences and upgrading of parole official.

Calabria said there is a great need to bring in industry to ease the property tax burden and that he would not vote or any increased taxes.

He said a state lottery and pari-mutel betting should be studied and that [WORD ILLEGIBLE] would favor horse racing in Virginia.

Calabria said he favors election of judges and of school boards, personnally opposes the Equal Rights Amendment but believes it should be decided by referendum, and is against collective burgaining for public employees.

While acknowledging that major [WORD ILLEGIBLE] annexations by cities would cause problems for Prince William County, he said he would favor annexation if a majority of people want it.

Paula Faraday

Faraday, a native of Waterville, Me., came to Washington 14 years ago and was director of student accounts at Georgetown University for five years.

After having her first child, she and her family moved to rural area went of Manassas where they have lived for the past five years.

She has since worked on GOP campaigns and been active in public speaking against the Equal Rights Amendment. "I am for equal rights for women, but against the ERA," she said.

The rights are not clearly defined and no one knows what the amendment would do in reality. Faraday said. The incumbent Democrats ar e all pro-ERA, she said, and represent a "more liberal point of ciew."

"I think I best represent the feelings and concerns have been neglected in the past and should be considered in the future. She cited high taxes, energy problems and failures in the school problems and failures in the school system as particular trouble spots.

Faraday said she believes elected school boards are important and necessary.

She said she would oppose "any further unecessary spending" and any new taxes. Faraday said she did not yet have enough information to decide on the annexation problem but that she favors election of judges and opposes collective bargaining for public employees.

"I think we must wake up people that this is their government. You can no longer sit back in your kitchen. Women must take an active part," Faraday said.

Robert Statz

Statz was born in Cleveland and was graduated from Ohio State University. He worked at a design engineer before serving 4 1/2 years in the Army. He is currently a captain in the Army reserve.

Statz is an independent insurance agent, real agent and tax consultant who started working on Republican campaign tow years ago. This is his first try for elective office but he faid the desire to run was a secondary reason for leaving the military.

Statz said he was "sick and tired" of high taxes and saw a number of ways to increase revenue without raising taxes. there is a need to actively recruit industry by offering land and labor, he said. Industry would lead to more housing and create jobs for young people, he said.

Statz said he would like to see the 20th split up into three districts Loundoun, eastern Prince William and western Prince William to make the delegates "more directly responsible."

He said he favors the state putting a park on Freestone Point but is undecided about the annexation problem.

Statz said there should be no general taxincrease that taxes should be permitted on tobacco and that race tracks and lotteries should be studied.

He said he believes collective bargaining for public employees tends to lead to strikes and that the ERA should go to referendum. He said he would vote against it "if I had to make a decision what I know today."

Welfare should be tightened up and there should be incentives to recipients to increase their incomes by working he said.

Statz called for mandatory sentences for felons and the end to appointment of judges by Democratic legislative caucus.

Eileen Stout

Stout was born in North Carolina, raised on Long Island and came to Virginia 10 years ago when her husband was transferred to the Pentagon. They moved to Dumfries in 1973.

She teaches French and Spanish to eight graders in Springfield and has a masters degree in secondary school administration. Stout was elected to the Dumfries town council in 1976.

Stout said she believes her experience in schools and local government give her an edge over the other candidates, as does the fact that she is the only candidate from eastern Prince William.

She called for an extension on the annexation moratorium until the cities and countries can sit down and work out a sensible solution, said that a park on Freestone Point would be "great," and that judges and the school board should be elected.

She opposed general tax increase and said she would like to find a substitute for sales tax on food and non-prescription drugs. If any new taxes are necessary they should be on luxury items, which would include tobacco but not gasoline, she said.

Stout said she would "vote the district a little more conservatively" than the incumbent Democrats, citing the effort to prevent charges for telephone information.

Information service must be paid for either out of the general phone rate or through a fee for use and she favorthe latter.