Ronald Jennings, 23, an escapee from a Virginia prison who became the subject of one of the most intensive manhunts in recent Washington history until his capture Thursday night in a robbery case, was ordered held in $100,000 bond yesterday by Superior Court Judge Fred L. McIntyre.

Jennings, arrested in the robbery of a Bethesda Safeway store, escaped last September from the federal penitentiary in Petersburg where he was serving sentences for various crimes, including murder. In their lookouts for him since, police had alerted officers that Jennings had told them that his main ambition in life was to kill a law-enforcement official.

He was arrested Thursday night after a high-speed foot and car chase that led from Montgomery County into the District after the holdup of a Bethesda. Two juveniles also were arrested in that case.

Police said he also had been sought in the robbery of 50 persons at a downtown Washington tourist home, and in the holdup of another Safeway at 4840 42d St. NW, last week.In that cas, a man commandeeredsa taxi while armed, ordered the driver to drive to thefSafeway and locked the driver in thentrunk of the car before using the car to escape.

Juege McIntyre set June 3 as the date forsJennings' preliminary hearing and June 8 for a police lineup including the suspect.