Blustery winds and unreasonably cool temperatures swept through the Washington area yesterday, and the National Weather Service forecast possibly record low temperatures by early today.

The chilly weather and partly cloudy skies will continue in the Washington area through Friday with temperatures never rising above 75 degrees, the weather service said.Yesterday's official high was 71 degrees.

Charlie Chilton of the weather service said there is no rain in the forecast through Sunday. Temperatures should start rising Saturday and approached the 80s by Sunday, he said.

Chilton said the rain in the metropolitan area during the last three days amounted to less than a quarter of an inch. Total rainfall so far this year is 8.72 inches, just over half the 14.49 inches that normally falls in the first six months of the year.

Forecasters said temperatures should drop to 45 to 50 degrees by early today, possibly eclipsing the record low of 49 degrees set for the date in 1932.

Summer officially begins in two weeks, at 8:14 a.m. on June 21.

A spokesman for the D.C. Recreation Department said the city's outdoor pools will remain open through the cool spell. He said water in the pools can hold the warm temperatures which came through the Washington area last week, for a long time even though the temperature has since dropped.

A spokesman for the District's Department of Housing and Community Development said yesterday that apartment dwellers are entitled to heat in the buildings whenever the temperature falls below 68 degrees in the building.

Dick Felch, an agricultural metrologist with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, said the cool weather is beneficial to all crops in the Washington area and especially helpful to grass.

"The temperature will just slow down the growth of the tomatoes and the other crops," Felch said the negative impact will be minimal."