New federal job ceilings set by the President will mean cut backs (but no firings) in Defense agencies and moderate growth in most other federal operations.

The new job lids -- based on targets 1978 -- also mean that most agencies can lift the partial job freeze they've been for this coming Sept. 30 and Sept. 30, under since March. That clamp-down imposed by President Carter limited agencies to filling only three of every four job vacancies.

President Carter's new job ceilings replace targets set by former President Ford in his final budget. They represent a reduction of 1 to 2 per cent from the Ford projections and a paper cut of almost 38,000 proposed jobs.

Main difference in the Carter vs. Ford ceilings it that decrease in the number of civilian jobs in Defense will be about 21,000 less under Carter than in the budget Ford proposed. However employment levels in most other domestic agencies will be higher under Carter than they would have been under the Ford plan.

Here's a breakdown of the job picture proposed by President Carter. There are three figures for each agency, (1) the present (April, 1977) total, of full-time, permanent employees for each agency, (2) the level to be in effect this Sept. 30, and (3) the Sept. 30, 1978 ceilings:

Agriculture, present, 81,400; September, 82,700, and 1978, 82.50.

Commerce, 29,600, 29,600 and 29,200.

Corps of Engineers, 27,900, 28,600 and 29,200.

Defense, 923,800,922,000 and 900.400.

Health, Education and Welfare, 140, 400, 141,400 and 140,100.

Housing and Urban Development, 14,900, 15,300 and 16,000.

Interior, 58,800 61,700 and 61,000.

Justice, 51,200, 51,900 and 52,700.

State Department, 22,700, 22,600 and 22,700.

Depart of Transportation, 71,300, 72,100 and 72,800. That, for example, is about 2,000 less than proposed by President Ford.

Treasury's growth rate also will be slower under Carter than Ford. It now has 106,100 workers and will go to 109,600 in September and remain at that level through 1978.

Treasury would have gone to 112, 600 under the Ford budget proposal.

Energy Research and Development Administration, 8,400, 8,500 and 8,900.

Environmental Protection Agency, 9,600, 10,200 and 10,200.

General Services Administration, 34,400, 35,400 and 35,500.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 23,800, 23,600 and 23,200.

Veterans Administration would grow at a slower rate under the new Carter ceilings than under the job projection made by Ford. VA now has 193,100 full-time permanent employees and it would go to 198,100 this year (a substantial jump, but less than Ford proposed) and to 202,600 by next September, about 3,000 jobs less than in the Ford budget.

The "other agencies" total under the Carter job ceilings would go from a total of 98,300 workers today to 104,100 by September and to 104,600 by next September. They, rather than some of the old-line Cabinet departments, are obviously the place to look for jobs.

Central Intellegence Agency: New CIA chief Standfield Turner has banned the rehire of government retirees called employed annuitants in government jargon) except in special cases. Turner, in a memo to CIA staffers, said that he personally would review and decide any "lateral input of outside retirees into positions that could be filled from within our own ranks . . ."

Policy Operations Officer: Commodities Futures Trading Commission has a Grade 14 opening. Call 254-3275.