A replay of the ghetto riots of the 1960s could be on the way because there has been no change in conditions leading to those uprisings, according to Herbert Hill, national labor director for the NAACP.
"The economic status of black Americans is declining," Hill told the NAACP convention here. "All the pressure leading to the ghetto rebellions of the 1960s are in operation.
"One may anticipate significant expressions of dissent and discontent resulting from dooming an entire generation to a permanent condition of poverty.
"Black people should start to raise hell in an organized, orderly fashion over unemployment."
Barbara Morris, directors of the National Employment Law Project, Inc., of New York City, said steps beyond court action should be taken to combat black unemployment.
"I think public protests follow automatically when people are exposed to better things in life and somebody says, 'You can't have it yet - you ain't ready,'" she said.
Hill called a recent Supreme Court decision - which upheld bona fide job seniority systems - a protected grandfather clause for racial and sexual job discrimination. He said such systems should have been outlawed by the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
Hill and Morris called the almost 50 per cent unemployment rate for young blacks an explosive situation.
"This means that almost half of the young black population is in a permanent condition of hopelessness and that's the potential for future trouble."
"There is a deceptibe calm in the Hill said.