Retired Army Col. Frank M. Snowden, 91, who was the senior black officer of the command at Camp Lee, Va., in World War II, died Saturday while vacationing at Martha's Vineyard.He lived in Boston.

Born in Arlington, Col. Snowden was a 1907 graduate of the old M Street High School in Washington.

He subsequently was appointed a civilian clerk in the Commissary Department of the Army. He joined the Army Reserves, becoming a captain in 1925 and a major in 1931.

Col. Snowden served in civilian jobs with the Army headquarters in Boston and Washington.

In 1942, he was called to active duty as a major in the Quartermaster Corns at Camp Lee. He retired as a colonel at Ft. Lee in 1945.

At Camp Lee, Col. Snowden was consulted on major interracial matters and on matters affecting the well-being of black soldiers.

After leaving active military service, Col. Snowden returned to civilian duty as executive to the assistant chief of staff at Army headquarters, 1st Service Command in Boston.

In 1947, he was transferred to Washington as an information specialist in the office of the quartermaster general. He retired in 1950, and returned to Boston, where real estate business, which he operated until a few years ago.

He is survived by two sons, Frank M. Jr., of Washington, and Otto Phillip, of Dorchester, Mass., three-grandchildren and four great-grandchildern.