Philip C. Brooks, 71, the federal archivist who organized the Harry S. Truman Library and directed it for 14 years, died Sunday in Phoenix, Ariz., of complications following hip surgery.

He has established the library in Independence, Mo., in 1957, and retired in 1971. It is one of the presidential libraries administered by the National Archives and Records Service.

Dr. Brooks considered his work and collaboration with President Truman to make the papers of the Truman administration available for scholarly research to be the highlight of his long career with the National Archives.

Born in Washington, Dr. Brooks was the son of Franklin Eli Brooks, a two-term Republican congressman from Colorado Springs. Dr. Brooks grew up in Colorado and Illinois.

He graduated from the University of Michigan and received master's and doctoral degress from the University of California at Berkeley. During his graduate studies, he worked as a newspaper reporter and an Associated Press editor.

Dr. Brooks joined the staff of the National Archives in 1935, one year after it was established by Congress.

He oversaw some of the first transfers of the accumulation of government records from numerous store-rooms into the new Archives building here.

He became chief archivis, handling records of various federal agencies, and then assistant to the archivist of the United States.

In 1948, Dr. Brooks left the Archives to serve as records officer for the National Security Resources Board. He returned to the Archives two years later.

In 1953, he was appointed chief of the Federal Record Center in San Francisco. He also served as a visiting lecturere and records management adviser to the Republic of Panama under the International Cooperation Administration.

After he was appointed director of the newly established Truman Library, Dr. Brooks also served as secretary of the Harry S. Truman Institute, a nongovernment adjunct of the library, which provides grants for research on the Truman administration.

Dr. Brooks was a founding member and past president of the Society of American Archivists. The author of several books on history and archival subjects, he was a member of the advisory board of the National Trust for Historic Preservation.

In 1957, he had received the General Services Administration's Distinguished Service Award.

He is survived by his wife, Dorothy Holland Brooks, of the home in Sun City, Ariz.; a son, Philip C. Jr., of Alexandria, and one grandchild.