The Carter administration is still providing large amounts of foreign aid to several countries condemned internationally for human rights violations, including those to whom U.S. aid has been officially cut, according to a new study.
The Washington-based Center for International Policy, a private, non-profit group, tracked down less wellknown aid sources such as ship transfers, narcotics controls programs, military education and training as well as conventional military assistance, sales and credit programs. It found that direct aid to one country studied, Indonesia, is increasing despite reported rights violations, while U.S. aid that is channeled through indirect sources such as the World Bank is skyrocketing in most of the nations considered.
The State Department's controversial reports on human rights practices in 82 countries, newly required this year as a condition for disbursing aid, were "incomplete and inadequate for Congress and the public to make informed decisions," the study said.
"In certain instances, sections are at worst misleading and at best unhelpful; a confusing mass of figures hides the full import of the U.S. military assistance program; and the section on economic aid ignores assistance from the multinational banks in which the U.S. participates."
The Center for International Policy did not address the issue of whether multinational lending institutions, such as the World Bank, ought to consider political factors, such as governmental repression, in making loans, noting only that U.S. funding to these banks is in effect aid without direct congressional oversight.
Such banks provided $1.7 billion to the eight countries considered in 1970 and $5.96 billion in 1976, according to the study.
Argentina, Chile, Ethiopia and Uruguay, which have all had their U.S. aid cut for alleged human rights violations, will receive $454 million in loans from the World Bank in fiscal year 1979, according to another center document. The United States will provide 25 per cent of that money.
Aid to Chile, for example, peaked in 1974 with a total of $86.7 million from the United States in the 13 types of military and security assistance listed by the center. Chile also received $574 million in indirect aid that year, including the rescheduling of $298.9 million debt to the United States. While no U.S. security aid is [WORD ILLEGIBLE] for fiscal 1977 or 1978, Chile received $81.5 million in direct U.S. economic aid in 1976 plus $283.1 million indirect assistance that was partial D/S funds.
All eight countries studied in the center report, entitled "Human Rights and the U.S. Foreign Assistance Program," have been recipients of large amounts of aid and have also been singled out as having serious human riths violations, the report said. The eight are Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Nicaragua, Indonesia, South Korea, the Philippines and Thailand.
Although U.S. aid to all remains "substantial," aid requests for Indonesia in fiscal 1978 increased by 73 per cent over 1977 figures despite the Indonesia occupation last year of East Timor, in which 20,000 persons are alleged to have died.