The Improved Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks of the World, a black international organization, called upon President Carter yesterday to get up a human rights summit meeting to address the problems of blacks in this country.

Their request to the President was the second time in a month that a major black organization asked the White House to be more responsive to the needs of black people.

If Carter sets up such a conference, which under the Elks' proposal would include leaders from all community-based black organizations, it would be the first of its kind since 1966, when President Johnson called civil rights leaders together.

"We're asking for a summit of black community leaders who can meet with the President to address the needs of this country's largest minority," said James R. Smith, public relations chairman for the Elks.

"The President has spent efforts on human rights elsewhere, and he has not directed his attention here," Smith said.

The Elks asked for a conference in a meeting with the President in which the group presented him with the Benjamin Franklin Howard award, named after the group's founder, for Carter's "enunciation of human rights."

Late yesterday afternoon the White House had not responded to the Elks' request.

The 450,000-member Elks organization, which has been active in behalf of civil rights since its founding in 1898, is holding its 78th annual convention at the Washington Hilton this week.

Founded because blacks were not allowed into the white Elks organization the group's primary focus has been raising money for scholarships. The group has given almost $4 million in scholarships, a spokesman said.

The Elks also presented the Elijah Lovejoy award to D.C. Mayor Walter E. Washington, "the dean of black mayors," for his civic accomplishments. In years past the award has been given to such notables as Ralph Bunche, Mary McLeod Bethune, Eleanor Roosevelt and Adam Clayton Powell.

At noon today, most of the convention's 22,000 delegates will march in the annual Elks parade, starting at 4th Street SW and heading west on Constitution Avenue to 17th Street NW and the Washington Monument grounds.