Robert Orbin Litchfield, a former newspaperman and public relations consultant for financial and industrial firms, died Monday of congestive heart failure at the Wisconsin Avenue Nursing Home here.

A native of the District, Mr. Litchfield was a graduate of Eastern High School and attended Emerson Institute and the Corcoran Art School as well as the Art Students' League in New York City. He served in France and Germany during World War I when his National Guard unit was attached to the 42d (Rainbow) Division of the American Expeditionary Forces.

Hospitalized in Germany for service disabilities, Mr. Litchfield returned to the United States in 1919 and spent the early 1920s as a reporter for the New York World. He later worked for an accounting firm before being employed by the industrial and financial advertising firm of Lillibridge & Associates to do promotional work.

Mr. Litchfield returned to the Washington area in 1925 and held a variety of Writing jobs, including authorship of a book on traffic regulations for the Eno Foundation and a study of long-range weather forecasting. He also was employed by the advertising staff of the United States Daily.

Until a serious illness forced his retirement in 1960. Mr. Litchfield worked as a public relations counselor for several financial and industrial firms.

He was a longtime member of the National Press Club and as commander of the organization's American Legion post during World War II, he helped organize and operate its canteen for the Armed Forces.

Mr. Litchfield is survived by his wife, Susan Bury Litchfield, of the District, and a son, Robert, of Providence, R.I.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy be in the form of contributions to Children's Hospital.