Republican gubernatorial nominee John N. Dalton said today that Virginia is now offering equal college opportunities for everyone and should resist what he calls federal quotas for minority enrollments.
Dalton's Democratic opponent Henry E. Howell, said through his press secretary that he will not take a stand on minority enrollment programs until after he is elected governor and has a chance to hear the views of state college presidents.
The U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare is pressing Virginia and other states that once operated racially segregated colleges to speed up the desegregation process.
While denying that it is setting enrollment quotas, HEW has called on Virginia to set a goal of a 150 per cent increases in black enrollment in the state's predominantly white colleges. It has also called for an end to the racial identification of the state's two predominantly black colleges, but not until enrollment opportunities for blacks in the predominantly white schools is assured.
Republican Gov. Mills E. Goodwin recently rejected the federal plan as quota setting and offered a "reformulation" of Virginia's present desegregation plan, which, he said, insures against racial discrimination. State officials acknowledge that the "reformulation" does not make any significant changes in the present plan.
Dalton is now the state's lieutenant governor and his desegregation statement generally supported Goodwin's position.
"We should have equal opportunity for all people in our institutions of higher education," Dalton said in an interview, "but we should not have a quota system. In my opinion, what HEW has called goals are the same thing as quotas."
Dalton, like Godwin, cited steady growth in the percentage of Virginia college students who are black and increases in white enrollment at one of the two predominantly black schools as proof that Virginia's desegregation plan is working.
He said he expects white ratios at the black schools to continue to rise, but added, "I don't think black Virginians want us to change these schools by federal edict."
Gluckstern's recommendations, which were issued independently of the court litigation, were responses to a desegregation status report by the University of Maryland's Office of Human Relations.
In that report last April, human relations director Yolanda W. Ford said the school had fallen short of minority recruiting and hiring goals.
While Gluckstern did not set concrete proposals in his report this week, his response showed "his commitment to what we're trying to do," Ford said yesterday.
"I regard it as taking some very progressive steps toward improving equity needs on the College Park campus," Ford said.
The College Park undergraduate campus, which is only 8 per cent black, is well behind its goal of 13 per cent black students by 1980, Gluckstern acknowledged.
The 6.7 per cent minority representation in the executive, administrative and managerial staff is "low" given the location iof the university, Glukstern said.
Although the university has already achieved its goal of 4 per cent minority representation among faculty, it should not be "complacent," he said.
"Considering or location, we can, and should, do better than peer institutions in attracting and keeping minority faculty of the highest quality in many disciplines," he said.
Gluckstern also said there is a need for an office of minority student education that could assess campus progress and could assist minority students in academic planning.
Gluckstern noted that approximately the same percentages of Maryland black and white high school graduates go to college, but that a disproportionate number of blacks choose four predominantly black institutions - Morgan State University, Bowie State and Coppin State Colleges and University of Maryland Eastern Shore.
"In my opinion, it is valuable to preserve the tradition of student choice as well as to recognize the contributions of predominantly black institutions," he said. "Therefore, while it is important for College Park to continue to make progress towards our goal, statewide factors must be taken into account in assessing our progress."