Here is a sample of things Dorothy Rich suggests to teach basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills to children at home:
Let children set the table as soon as they can. It's a wonderful way to learn the concept of one-to-one correspondence - one fork for each member of the family - a notion that children need for beginning reading and math.
Write out the alphabet on clothes pins, and let children arrange them on hangers. Beginners can learn the letters that way. Older children can learn how to spell.
Cook with children.Make muffins. Jello, soups, or any other simple food recipe. Read the recipe to the children or let those who can read it to you. Then let the children tell the steps back to you. Let them measure out ingredients.
Give children a calender and fill it in with birthdays and other important events.
Take an old egg carton, and in the bottom of each section, write in numbers. Give the child pennies or little pieces of paper to match the number in each section with the right number of things.
Let children learn fractions by folding up napkins or paper towels. Start with halves - they're easy - then move on to eighths or sixteenths. Use magic markers to label the parts.
Use a catalogue for spending (hypothetically) $75. Let children decide what they want to buy, add up how much they are spending, and find out how much change they will get or how much they have overspent.
When reading a story aloud, stop before the ending, and ask a child how he thinks it will turn out. A good way to build listening skills and imagination.
Play bingo. Write out the grids yourself, using simple consonants at first - B, P, T, S, R.Make the game more complex as children learn more letters.