Vivian T. Barnes, 57, a retired D.C. public school teacher, died Monday at Howard University Hospital after an apparent heart attack.

Mrs. Barnes began her career as a teacher at Grimke Elementary School in 1953. She later was a reading specialist at Adams-Morgan Elementary School. She taught last at Rudolph Elementary School before retiring this past August.

Born in Washington, Mrs. Barnes graduated from Armstrong High School and Miner Teachers College.

She was a member of the Simpson-Hamiine United Methodist Church in Washington and belonged to the church's social club, the Mamie A. Blue Circle.

Mrs. Barnes was also a member of PTA and a social club, the Parisinnes, Inc.

She was the wife of the Rev. Frederick William Barnes, who was pastor of the Vontee AME Zion Church here from 1955 to 1970.

In addition to her husband, she is survived by a son, Ivan G., and a daughter, Candas I. Barnes, of the home in Washington: another son, Frederick M. Barnes, of Washington: another daughter, Dr. Cybthia D. Barnes, of New York City: a brother, Archibald Thomas, and a sister, Mamie A. Blue, both of Washington, and a grandchild.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy may be in the form of contributions in her memory to the Dollars for Scholars Fund at Simpson Hamline Church.