Robinson E. (Bob) Adkins, 83, a retired official with the Veterans Administration, died of cerebral vascular disease Tuesday at Fernwood House in Bethesda.

During 44 years with the VA and its predecessor agencies, he had served as executive assistant to two administrators and as executive officer and top aide to four chief medical directors.

Born in Oswego, N.Y., Mr. Adkins graduated from the State University of New York there and attended Columbia University. He served with the American Expeditionary Force in France for 22 months during World War I.

He entered government service in 1919 as a training assistant for the Federal Board for Vocational Education. From 1926 to 1938, he was with veterans hospitals in Sunmount, N.Y., and Rutland Heights. Mass.

Mr. Adkins then transfered to Veterans Administration headquarters here, and became executive assistant to the first administrator, the late Gen. Frank T. Hines. He served the next administrator. Gen. Omar N. Bradley, in the same position.

When the VA department of medicine and surgery was established in 1946. Mr. Adkins became executive officer under the chief medical director. He saved under three other chief medical directors before retiring in 1963.

After retiring> he compiled the first definitive history of Va medical care, "Medical Care of Veterans," published in 1967.

Mr. Adkins received the VA's Execptional Service Award in 1960, and was awarded an honorary fellowship in the American College of Hospital Administrators.

He is survived by his wife, Jane R., of Fernwood House; a son, Dr. PaulC., of Besthesda, and seven grandchildren.