Q: Can lime and fertilizer be applies to the garden and lawn at the same time?

A: Only relatively small amounts of the burned forms of lime (hyrated) can be mixed with fertilizer because they tend to release any anmonia that may be contained in the fertilizer. They also have a tendency to reduce the solubility of the phosphorus.

For the most part, liming materials and fertilizers should be applied separately. In general, also, the lime should be applied ahead of the fertilizer and worked into the soil. This tends to keep fertilizer elements in a more readily available form.

Q: I think the Queen Elizabeth is a wonderful rose. For me it has survived all types of weather, too much shade, and a lot of neglect. Can you tell me the origin of its name and anything else about it?

A: Queen Elizabeth is indeed a fine rose. It was hybridized by Dr. Walter E. Lammerts, who also created Chrysler Imperial, Charlotte Armstrong, Golden Showers, Starfire, American Heritage and Ben Hur, among others. It won an All-America award in 1955. Charlotte Armstrong was the mother and the pollen came from Floradora, a floribunda.

During trials, when it appeared the rose would win an All-American award, Lammerts started thinking about a name for it. Some time previously he had been at Niagara Falls in Canada when Princess Elizabeth (now Queen Elizabeth) of England was there and he saw her. Much impressed, he wanted to name the rose for her. He sent her several of the plants for the royal garden in England and asked her permission to name the rose for her. She gave her consent.

Queen Elizabeth is classified as a grandiflora. At that time there was no recognized grandiflora class of roses.

Queen Elizabeth definitely was not a hybrid tea (like mother) or a floribunda (like father). Someone said to Lammerts, "It's a grand floribunda." It gave him an idea he called the rose a grandiflora, and a new class of roses became established.