Dr. Vincent Gagliardi, 43, a physician and editor with the Food and Drug Administration, died at Georgetown University Hospital Friday following a heart attack.

Dr. Gagliardi was born in Washington and graduated from St. John's College High School in 1952. He earned his medical degree at Georgetown in 1960 and served his internship and residency at the Jersey City Medical Center in Jersey City, N.J. He later worked for nine years as director of medical services and government affairs for a pharmaceutical firm in New Jersey. He returned to the Washington area and joined the Food and Drug Administration four years ago.

While still in New Jersey, he had participated in a medical journalism program sponsored by the American Medical Association and had worked on the editorial staff of the AMA. His duties at the FDA were to head a "prescription drug labeling and compendium project." In 1977, the FDA Presented him a Commendable Service Award for his work.

Dr. Gagliardi had suffered from muscular dystrophy for many years. He fell while at work in 1976 and this retirement. However, he remained active in Boy Scout work in Potomac where he lived, and in other community activities.

Dr. Gagliardi was a member of the American Medical Association, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Drug Information Association, the American Medical Writers Association and the American Academy of Clinical Toxicology.

Survivors include his wife, Joan Pehanic Gagliardi, of the home in Jennifer and Jeremy Jon, also of the home; his parents, Graziano and Antoinette Gagliardi, of Bethesda, and a brother, Joseph, of Bowie.