Racial minorities would make up 10 percent of the Fairfax County teaching staff within five years if the School Board adopts an affirmative action plan now in draft form.

Within five years, under the plan, women would account for 45 percent of all school administrators, and men would account for 15 percent of all school teachers. The plan, still subject to changes, calls for the appointment of an equal employment opportunity coordinator to create additional affirmative action plans for other groups of school employes besides instructional personnel and to check progress of the plan.

A special school board committee is developing the plan that goes to the full board for action May 25.

Minorities, mainly blacks, currently account for about 6 percent of the county's 6,388 teachers. About 34 percent of Fairfax school administrators are women, and only 8.6 percent of the county's elementary school teachers are men.

The affirmative action program for the schools comes five months after Fairfax County adopted its own plan requiring that minorities make up 40 percent of those hired this year to fill 325 county government jobs.

"The schools have been progressing toward such a plan for a long time, and the timing seemed right now," said School Board Member Ann Kahn who seves as chairman of the five-member board committee developing the affirmative action program.

"We are not talking about quotas, or hiring a prescribed number of minorities regardless of their qualifications. The emphasis is on maintaining and improving Fairfax schools' high quality and giving adequate representation to minorities and women, as well as men in the elementary schools."

The plan's employment goals are based partly on the number of minorities enrolled as undergraduates in colleges and universities where Fairfax recruits most of its teachers, Kahn said. This is Region III, as defined by the Department of Health, Education and Welfare, and includes Virginia, Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvanian and West Virginia. The employment goals are not related to the number of minorities enrolled in Fairfax Schools, which account for about 9 percent of Fairfax County's 132,000 students, according to the school's planning office.

At a workshop last week where the board committee presented the plan to civic organizations, representatives from two citizen groups criticized the goal of 10 percent minority teachers as being too low.

Robert Wright, chairman of the human relations committee of the Fairfax County Federation of Citizens Associations, said the goal should be 15 to 20 percent "to bring the plan more in line with the number of minorities living in the Metro area," because the number of blacks living in Fairfax "is artificially low as a result of past racial discrimination."

He said his human relations committee supported a higher percentage of minorities, but the federation as a whole supported the 10 percent goal.

B. James Carter, chairman of the School Board Advisory Committee on Human Relations, also supported a higher goal than 10 percent, because Fairfax schools also hires some teachers from North Carolina and South Carolina, where more blacks would be included in hiring pools.

"He brought up a good point," said Kahn of Carter's remarks. "Since we do hire also in North Carolina, qualified graduates there should be taken into account."

She said North Carolina enrollments would be added to the talley of minority undergraduates in HEW's Region III.

Minorities, mainly blacks, make up 11 percent of all Fairfax County employes. Connie Johnson, acting director of the schools' department of human relations, said the percentage appears large because "a lot of blacks are in low paying jobs, like custodian positions."

There are 450 blacks among 8,000 instructional personnel in the schools. Seven elementary schools and one high school have black principals, and one top administrator who heads a subdivision of county schools is black.

While 75 percent of Fairfax teachers are women, only 34 percent of the 619 adminstrators are women. They include two high school principals, three intermediate school principals, one athletic director and four general administrators on Superintendent S. John Davis' top staff.

Johnson's human relations staff determined that too few elementary school teachers were men "to project an ideal employment profile for Fairfax County public schools." Their conclusion involved the following data:

More than 16 percent of all elementary teachers in the United States are men.

Almost 13 percent of persons receiving a bachelors' degree in elementary education in 1975-76 were men.

Almost 12 percent of elementary teachers in Virginia are men.

Almost 11 percent of elementary teachers in the Metro area are men.