In its first step toward preserving landmarks with historical significance, the Arlington county Historic Landmark Review Board has designated 13 sites, ranging from cemeteries to schools, to be discussed at a public hearing June15.
The board already had studied the sites, and after the public hearing, many recommend to the couny board that the areas be rezoned as historic preservation district, owners of the property will be severely limited in altering the exterior of the property and must receive county board approval for alterations. The bill also establishes provisions that must be met before a building or landmark can be destroyed.
The review board does not expect any major challenges to the 13 designations, sources familiar with the sites said.
Review Board Chairman William Moore said the sites were chosen from among almost 50 areas the Arlington Historical Commission identified as historically significant. The 13 that were chosen, he said, were selected because there was no dispute about their history and the board could easily identify their usage.
These are the ones that I think have been clearly recognized by the community as being of historical significance," Moore said.
The sites are teh first possible historical districts the review board has submitted. The board and the hostorical district designation were created in 1977 by county ordinance.
Moore said, however, that the board is continuing its work and may explore the possibility of designating some garden apartment complexs as historically significant.
A committee has been formed by tenants of Colonial Village to work toward preservation of the complex. The committee presented a summary of its goals to the review board in March.The board took no action on the committee presentation, but agreed to study the situation.
According to John McLeod,assistant to the director of the Arlington Community Affairs Department, garden apartments might be designated as historical districts because they typify the style of life once common to Arlington.
"Those garden apartments are really under pressure now," said McLeod, who has worked as a staff liaison with the review board. They may need to be preserved to show future generations what type of community Arlington once was, he said.
However, the question of designating any garden apartments as historical districts will not come before the review board until later in the year, Moore said.
The 13 areas to be discussed at the public hearing and their historsical significance as outlined by the review board:
The Alcova farmhouse, 3435 S. 8th St. The original house was built sometime before 1836 by Thomas hodge, a carriage maker and wheelwright.
The John Ball house, 5620 S.3rd St! The oldest part of the present house probably was built by John Ball between 1742 and 1772. The house was later acquired by William Carlin, once George Washington's tailor. The house is included on the National Register of Historic sites and is owned by the Arlington Historical Society.
Ball family burial ground, near 3427 Washington Blvd. This is one of the county's oldest burial grounds and includes many Ball family members.
Mary Carlin house, 5512 N. Carlin Springs Rd. The present house incorporates the original log house built about 1800 by William Carlin. His granddaughter Mary Carlin was born and lived in the house.
The Birchwood farmhouse, 4572 N. 26th St. This house was built about 1836 after a fire destroyed the original structure built by Caleb Birch.
Carlin Hall, 5713 S. 4th St. Carlin Hall was built in 1892 for religious services for local residents. It was part of Carlin Springs, a recreational parkland begun in 1872 by John E. F. Carlin.
The Ball-Carlin cemetery, 300 S. Kensington St.The site was used between 1766 and 1908 as a burial ground for members of the Ball and Carlin families.
The Glebe house, 4527 N. 17th St. The present Glebe house was built in 1820 on the ruins of an original house that had been destroyed by fire. It was used as a residence for the local minister of the Fairfax parish. Clarke Mills, the artist who made the equestrian statue of Andrew Jackson that is in Lafayette Park, also lived here.
Hume School, 1805 S. Arlington Ridge Rd. Built in 1891, the school was named for Frank Hume who donated land adjacent to the building to the school district. It is used by the Arlington Historical Society as a county museum.
Matthew Maury School, 3550 Wilson Blvd. Built in 1910, the Maury School is the second oldest standing school in the county. It is still owned by the school board.
The site of Fort Ethan Allen, 3829 N. Stafford St. The fort was built in 1861 to command all approaches to Chain Bridge south of Pimmit Run. Madison School currently sits on the site.
Walker Chapel and cemetery grounds, 4102 N. Glebe Rd. Walker Chapel, built in 1871, is the third oldest congregation in the county. The current church was built in 1903 and the old church was dismantled in 1930.
Shreve farmhouse, 2114 N. Pollard St. The board found little information about the house but dated its construction at about 1889.