Charles Elkins Rogers, 86, a writer and editor for the Department of Agriculture from 1951 to 1963 and before that an employe of the United Nations and a professor of journalism for many years, died at the Washington Hospital Center Sunday of congestive heart failure.

Dr. Rogers became an associate professor journalism at Kansas State in 1919 and served as head of its department of journalism from 1926 to 1939, when he became head of the department of journalism at Iowa State. From 1946 to 1951, he was an educational relations officer with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the U.N. He then joined the Department of Agriculture's bureau of agricultural economics, later the economic research service, and remained with it until his retirement in 1963.

Dr. Rogers was born in Ozark, Mo. He graduated from the University of Oklahoma, where he was on the football team, and later earned master's degrees from Kansas State and Stanford University. He earned his doctorate from the University of Minnesota.

he served as a lieutenant in the Army in World War I.

Dr. Rogers was a reporter on the Tulsa (Okla.) World and the Kansas City Star before beginning his teaching career in 1919.

He was a member of the Cosmos Club. He also was a member of the Christ Methodist Church in Washington.

Survivors include his wife, Rosemary, of the home in Washington; a son by a previous marriage, Dr. William C. Rogers of Minneapolis; a brother, Herbert N. Rogers of Ozark, Mo.; three granddaughters and one great-granddaughter.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy be in the form of contributions to Children's Hospital, Washington, D.C.