Bronson Price, 73, a statistician and analyst who was recognized for his contributions to genetic and pyschological research, died of a heart ailment Thursday at Doctors Hospital.

He was a survey statistician in the U.S. Office of Education from 1957 until retiring in 1969. Prior to that he had served as an analytical statistician with the U.S. Children's Bureau for nine years.

Dr. Price was best known for his surveys of the testings of twins to determine the differing effects of heredity and environment. He was the author of numerous papers for government and scientific journals, including "Primary Biases in Twin Studies," published in the American Journal of Human Genetics.

Born in Freeport, Ill., he was a graduate of Antioch College. He received his doctorate in psychology and biometrics from Stanford University in 1934. He then spent two years studying and doing research in Russia, Germany and England as a Fellow of the Social Science Research Council.

Dr. Price was a psychology instructor at Ohio State University before coming to Washington in 1941 as a personnel and test technician in the adjutant general's office of the old War Department. He also was a communications analyst with the Federal Communications Commission and the Office of War Information.

After World War II, he became a social science analyst with the National Office of Vital Statistics until joining the Children's Bureau.

He was a member of the American Statistical Association.

He is survived by his wife, Helen G., of the home in Washington; a brother, Walter B., of Red Creek, W. Va., and two sisters, Mary G. Price, of Woodstock, Ga., and Sarah Price Lithgrow, of Brattleboro, Vt.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy may be in the form of contributions to the Florida Institute of Technology in Melbourne, Fla., to aid the genetic research of Dr. Eleanor Storrs.