When Fairfax voters go to the polls June 13 to choose one of three Republicans to run against Rep. Herbert E. Harris (D-Van.) they also will be asked to support $16 mililion in bonds to build new storm drainage facilities and fire stations.

County officials say $12 million in bonds for major storm drainage projects and $4 million for three new fire stations are needed to relieve presssure on existing facilities caused by rapid county growth.

The bond referendum has the support of the county Federation of Citizens Associations, but it is opposed by the Fairfax County Taxpayers Allicance.

Taxpayers Alliance President Harley Williams said his organization recognizes the need for the new facilities, but opposes paying for them through bonds, which he called "fiscally unsound, inflationary, and a method that will contribute to higher tax bills for the individual."

The $12 million storm drainage bonds would pay for 133 projects in eight watersheds in the county that have been experiencing flooding, erosion and slow drainage. The projects range from replacing culverts that are too small now to accommodate drainage from new development to building floodwalls to strengthen eroding banks on streams.

Areas slated for improvements are Cameron Run, Accotink Creek, Pimmit Run, Difficult Run, Dogue, Little Hunting and Bell Haven creeks, Nichols Run, Pond Branch, Sugarland Run, Hosepen Run, Club Run, Bull Run and Occuquan.

Many of the improvements would alleviate flooding into private homes that are built near some of the streams, said John W. di Zerega, director of the county facilities office.

Three new fire stations, at a cost of about $1.3 million apiece, would be built for the Oakton, lower Pohick and Dulles areas within five years. The bond money would pay for acquiring land for the sites as well as for construction.

The Oakton station, which probably would be built near the intersection in Hunter Mills Road and Rt. 123, would be operational in 1982, said deputy fire chief Freeland Young Jr. The station in the southern Pohick area, near Pohick, Gambrill and Hooe's roads, would be operational in 1983, he said, and the station for the Dulles industrial area probably would be located near Frying Pand and Centreville roads and open in 1985.

Young said need exists now for the new fire stations, and the need probably will become more pressing by the time the stations are built.