Francis C. (Frank) Neuland, 78, a photoengraver at The Washington Post for 40 years, died Monday at Greater Southeast Community Hospital following a heart attack. He had been stricken at his home in Hillcrest Heights.

Mr. Neuland was born in Washington and went to work at the age of 12 for a butcher. During World War I, he worked at the Washington Navy Yard as a machinist. He went to work for a printing company after the war and became a photoengraver at The Post in the mid-1920s. Except for a brief period during the Depression, he worked at the newspaper as a photoengraver and foreman until his retirement in 1966.

Mr. Neuland was a member of Local 17 of the photoengravers union. He also was a member of the Holy Family Catholic Church in Hillcrest Heights.

Since his retirement, Mr. Neuland had spent much time gardening.

Survivors include his wife, M. Louise, of the home; two daughters, Sister Anna Louise Neuland, CSC, of Richmond; and Rita C. Brash, of District Heights; a son, Francis E., of Temple Hills, who is a photoengraver at The Post; a sister, Emily A. Danhakl, of Frederick, Md.; seven grandchildren and one great-grandchild.