Fred W. Shipman, 75, a retired government librarian and first director of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library in Hyde Park, N.Y., died Wednesday at Georgetown University Hospital. He had suffered from a kidney ailment.

Mr. Shipman became director of the Roosevelt Library in 1939, serving for about 10 years. He said that his goal was to make the library not only a repository for memorabilia of the Roosevelt administration but also a great research institution for students of the Roosevelt era.

During World War II he served on Allied commissions working for the preservation of historical archieves. He traveled in the European and Mediterranean theaters.

Mr. Shipman joined the State Department in 1949 as a records management officer, became chief of the department's library division in 1954, and retired from the State Department in 1970.

A native of Worcester, Mass., he earned bachelor's and master's degrees at Clark University.

Mr. Shipman first came to Washington in 1929 to work at the Library of Congress. He then joined the National Archives in 1935, and rose to chief of the division of State Department archives.

He was a member of a number of professional organizations, including the American Library Association and the American Historical Association.

He is survived by his wife, Ruth, of the home in Chevy Chase; a daughter, Ruth S. Mueller, of Princeton, N.J.; two sons, Frederick W., of Chevy Chase, and James C., of St. Paul, Minn., and 10 grandchildren.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy be in the form of contributions to the National Kidney Foundations.