Emma Jeanette Johnston, who reached her 106th birthday on Jan. 24, died yesterday at Colonial Villa convalescent home in Silver Spring. She had lived there for 11 years.

Her birthday this year was marked with a small observance in contrast to the big celebration held when she reached 100. Then, family members came from as far away as Florida, and the president and other top government officials sent congratulations.

Mrs. Johnston was born in Pricenton W. Va. She and her husband, Charles W. had a large holdings of farmland there. Mr. Johnston died in 1931.

In 1940, Mrs. Johnston and the youngest of her five children, Julius C., moved to Joppa, Md. They lived near each other on land they both had purchased.

Mrs. Johnston brought with her the four sons of her only daughter, who had died in the early 1930s. They were 3 to 13 years old then, and she reared them as her own children.

The four have long scattered, Thomas Carey lives in Adelphi, Charles Carey in Cleveland. Tenn and Jimmy and David Carey, in Pensacola, Fla.

In addition to her son and four grandsons, Mrs. Johnston is survived by seven other grandchildren. 12 great-grandchildren and eight great-great-grandchildren