Frederick H. Walton, 88, who worked in several New Deal programs during the Depression and who later was a senior volunteer in the Montgomery County school system, died Saturday at his home in Chevy Chase. The cause of death was anemia due to cancer.

Mr. Walton began his government career in 1933 as an official of the Federal Emergency Relief Administration. He worked to ease conditions brought on by severe drought in various parts of the country. Subsequently he was an official of the Works Projects Administration and the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the Interior Department. He was engaged in relief work for both of these agencies.

In 1941, he was named president of the Virgin Islands Co., an agency of the Interior Department that was concerned with economic development in the Virgin Islands. He resigned in 1944 and returned to Woodley, his farm near Orange, Va., where he raised cattle.

In 1959, he moved to Bethesda and later to Chevy Chase. Following the death of his wife, the former Mercedes Jettner, whom he married in 1914, Mr. Walton became a senior volunteer in the Montgomery County schools. He taught Spanish to elementary school children and also wrote a Spanish textbook. In the late 1960s, he taught at the Inverness School in Potomac and then returned to his volunteer work. He retired in the early 1970s.

Mr. Walton was born in Chicago and grew up there and in Australia and in Buenos Aires. He earned a certificate in refrigeration engineering at St. Louis University and later worked for a construction firm in New York and Latin America before beginning his federal career.

He was a former president of the Bethesda-Chevy Chase Senior Citizens Society and a member of The Fossils.

Survivors include a son, Frederick H. Jr., of Chevy Chase.