Former Rep. H. Carl Anderson, 81, a Minnesota cattle farmer who served as a Republican in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1939 to 1963, died Wednesday in ArlingtonHospital after suffering a stroke.

Since leaving Congress, he had lived in Falls Church, and had operated a smallstamp business there for about 10 years until a heart ailment curtailed his activities.

During his 24 years in Congress, Mr.Andersen served on the House Appropriations Committee and became chairman of the appropriations subcommittee on agriculture.

An influential member of Congress in regard to farm legislation, he fought for soil conservation programs and protection of family-size farms. He helped introduce the school lunch program. He was an unfailing advocate of 90 percent of parity on all major crops.

But his prestigious committee position also helped bring about Mr. Andersen's political downfall. Many of his party colleagues in Congress turned their backs on him and the voters apparently followed suit after it was learned that he had sold $4,000 in coal mine stocks to the notorious Billie Sol Estes.

A Texas millionaire and large - scale beneficiary of several government farm programs, Estes had come under congressional investigation in connection with his cotton, fertilizer and grain operations. He later was convicted of swindling finance companies and farmers of millions of dollars.

Mr.Andersen took the House floor in June 1962, to give an impassioned speech, in which he declaredhe had done nothing wrong. He lambasted much of the press and pleaded with House members to "say hello" to him again.

He failed, however, to get his party's endorsement when he ran for reelection and he was defeated in the September primary that year.

Mr.Andersen was born in Newcastle, Wash. He grew up on the family farm near Tyler, Minn., and took it over in about 1930.

He attended the University of Washington in Seattle and then entered the Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1917. He was given a medical discharge two years later after he was injured aboard a ship during summer maneuvers.

Mr.Andersen raised Aberdeen Angus cattle, and in the 1920s traveled around the country with a show herd. He also produced a variety of crops on the farm neat Tyler.

In 1935, he served a year as a member of the Minnesota House of Representatives.

He was a member of the Soil conservation society of America and had been active in the Masons.

He is survived by his wife, Martha E., of the home; two sons, Charles C., of Wenatchee. Wash., and Alfred E., of Denver, Colo.; a sister, Julia Hoppenstand, of Staunton, Va., four grandchildren and two great - grandchidren.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy may be in the form of contributions to the Heart Fund.