A Capitol Hill Hospital woman physician was seriously wounded and a clinic patient awaiting treatment suffered a minor injury yesterday in a shooting at the hospital, D.C. police said.

The physician, Dr. WonJa Kim, 36, of Dumfries, Va., was reported in serious condition at the hospital after surgery. She suffered a gunshot wound in the lower back, according to David Alter, a spokesman for the hospital.

The second person injured, Juanita Mack, 21, was struck by one of the three shots fired while she sat in an adjacent clinic treatment room, police said. She was treated for a superficial injury to her back and released, hospital official said.

Police said they charged Shin Gull Kim, 41, husband of the wounded doctor, with assault with intent to kill in the shooting of his wife. He also was charged with assault with a dangerous weapon in connection with the wounding of Mack, they said.

Mack suffered a wound in the area of her right shoulder when one of the three bullets fired penetrated the wall of the room where she sat awaiting treatment.

According to Alter, the hospital spokesman, Kim entered the hospital demanding to see his wife, from whom he had been separated for about three weeks. Dr. Jae Choi, director of outpatient services, accosted Kim as he tried to enter the room where his wife was treating a patient, investigators said.

When Choi tried to bar Kim's way, he fired three shots, one hitting Dr. Kim, another going through the wall and hitting Mack, and the third hitting the door of thetreatment room, police reported.