Maryland candidates for the U.S. House of Representatives were asked:
1. Do you support a commuter tax?
2. Do you support full representation in Congress for residents of the District of Columbia?
3. Do you favor gun control?
4. Should the federal government pay for the costs of abortions for welfare recipients, and if so, under what conditions?
5. Should the Hatch Act be repealed?
6. Do you favor President Carter's civil service revision?
7. What, if anything, should the federal government do to reduce the level of unemployment in Maryland? 4th District John Griffin, 39, of 1850 Arwell Ct., Severn, is an advertising executive and a former high school and college teacher and stockbroker.
1. Yes. 2. Yes.
3. Yes, with adequate provisions for use of fire arms by citizens for sport.
4. Yes, as set forth in current legislation.
5. No, but modification is necessary.
6. Yes, with some limited reservations.
7. Provide assistance in developing business and industry in the state. Frank Bradlyn McClanahan, 27, of 1281 Cape Rd., Annapolis, is a businessman. He ran unsuccessfully for the House of Delegates in 1974.
1. I do not support any type of commuter and/or piggyback tax as the first part of my platform states. I wish to reduce tax to a 10 percent base.
2. Absolutely, I contend that all geographical sectors as long as occupied are due representation - "The foundation of our country is the people, not the property!"
3. No. I feel this is a violation of civil and constitutional rights. It would call for a constitutional convention to impletment such an action.
4. No. However, in the case of rape, at all socio-economic levels, the government should make payment. (If the rapist is caught, he should be made to repay government payments, along with the additional punishments due.)
6. Yes. Everywhere in industry if a worker doesn't do the job they get someone who will. Why should government employes be treated differently?
7. We could stimulate growth in Maryland in many areas. One I am particularly interested in is that extrapolation of petroleum from coal. This would be a tremendous stimulant not only to Maryland but the whole country as well. Sue F. Ward, 42, of 6109 Buckler Rd., Clinton, is a social worker; has been member of local, county and state human services and education boards.
1. No. The frustrations are evident; I would support alternatives such as greater federal suport of mass transit. Some of the proposals included in the President's urban policy proposals also would help.
2. Yes. In fact, I began campaigning for that when I was 15 years old and have continued.
3. I favor handgun control. I don't want to see any more children killing or being killed with supposedly unloaded guns and I don't want any more law enforcement officers injured or killed issuing traffic summonses or responding to domestic crises.
4. Yes. Any medical service available to the general public must be available to the poor.
5. Yes, or revised drastically to remove discriminatory restrictions on federal employes. The Maryland state regulations seem the most reasonable.
6. In principle, but with some concerns. The worry about firing often clouds the cumbersome hiring procedures. I support the Spellman amendment regarding the executive service; the two-year trial might be applied to other parts as well.
7. Our particular problem is the loss of manufacturing jobs. We need economic programs to stimulate non-government employment and attract manufacturing industries. 5th District Gladys Noon Spellman, 60, of 9004 Golden Pass, Laurel, has served in Congress since 1974; also served on County Council.
1. No. Strongly oppose and will continue to work against it. Would support enlarged federal payment with the assurance of proper accountability.
2. I was a cosponsor of the proposed amendment to the Constitution to provide full representation to the District of Columbia and worked for the amendment's passage.
3. Have sponsored bills calling for mandatory addition of five years to the penalty imposed for any crime committed with a gun, to be served consecutively and not concurrently. However, oppose gun registration, as I fear the lists will someday become the burglary blueprint for criminals seeking weapons.
4. When a woman's life is endangered by carrying the pregnancy to full term, and in the event of pregnancy resulting from rape or incest.
5. Not repealed, but modified to give federal employes the freedom to exercise their political rights, with all the safeguards contained in the House bill.
6. No. I consider the proposal to be the legalizing of a new spoils system.
7. Public works funding, easing of construction financing, continuation of CETA, development of an Urban Policy which encourages economic growth, special assistance to shipbuilding industry. Davis J. Tomasin, 25, of 9314 Cherryhill Rd., College Park, has been assistant to Prince George's County executive and Maryland secretary of state.
1. I am opposed to any form of commuter tax.
2. I do not favor full representation in Congress for residents of the District of Columbia, unless we first change the status of the District and grant statehood. Until that is done, I favor voting representation in the House of Representatives.
3. I favor control of handguns only, especially small-caliber pistols and those weapons referred to as "Saturday night specials."
4. The federal government should not pay for the costs of abortions for welfare recipients.
5. The Hatch Act should not be repealed, but relaxed. I am in favor of permitting, for example, federal workers to run for public office.
6. I support President Carter's civil service revisions, except that I am opposed to any lessening of veterans' preference rights.
7. The problem of unemployment is not merely a "Maryland problem," but a national one. To reduce unemployment we must increase productivity and restore the faith in our economy needed to make it strong. I will fight for a four-year, across-the-board tax cut, while working to reduce the current 14 to 70 percent tax rates to 10 to 50 percent while, carefully monitoring government spending. People will work harder, spend more, increase investments, up demand, if they are getting more out of their paychecks rather than less. Once we restore leadership and faith in our government and economy, with more productivity to meet increased demand, then we will put people back to work. When Americans are not working, America cannot work. 6th District Goodloe E. Byron, 49, of 306 Grove Blvd., Frederick, has been a congressman since 1971; was state senator from 1966 to 1970 and delegate from 1962 to 1966.
1. No. I strongly oppose a commuter tax for citizens who work in the District of Columbia and have publicly opposed such a tax for many years.
2. I support a constitutional amendment to provide full voting representation in the House of Representatives for citizens of the District of Columbia.
3. No. I do not believe gun control is an effective or enforceable method of reducing crime. Instead, I have introduced legislation to make the use or possession of a firearm in the commission of a felony a separate crime in itself. This new offense would be punishable by a mandatory prison term. This is a better way to curb handgun violence than gun control.
4. Only under certain limited conditions. I have voted to permit federal funding of abortions only when the life of the mother is at stake and to permit funding of medical procedures to prevent women from becoming pregnant only in cases of rape or incest.
5. Yes. I voted in favor of the Hatch Act reform legislation that passed the House last year.
7. I have supported government programs to increase the level of employment in central and western Maryland, such as the Local Public Works Employment program, which I cosponsored. I have also introduced legislation to provide an additional investment tax credit for job-creating investments in labor surplus areas, which includes six of the counties in the 6th District. Dan Rupli, 35, of Burkittsville, is a lawyer. He ran for Congress in 1976; formed citizens group to fight high utility costs.
2. Yes.It is long overdue!
3. As congressman, I would do nothing that would affect the rights of hunters or sportsmen to own or bear firearms. I would also preserve the constitutional right of individual states to enact laws that concern the inherent police powers of the state, such as gun legislation, without interference from the federal government. I am committed to ridding our city streets of the instruments of crime - commonly known as "Saturday night specials" - firearms which are cheap, generally imported and dangerous to use.
4. My wife Brenda and I are personally opposed to abortion on moral grounds. As congressman, I would not, however, countenance any policy that would have the effect of creating two sets of laws - one for the wealthy and middle class and another for the poor.
5. I would support legislation to protect federal workers from political coercion, and that would correspondingly guarantee their rights to full participation in the political process.
6. I favor maximum efficiency in the conduct of affairs of government, but I believe that our merit system for federal employes should not be tampered with by the chief executive or the Congress.
7. The unemployment rate in the district I will represent is critically high. The economy of this area can be best served by emergency public service jobs programs, improvement in highway and rail transportation systems and vigorous advocacy of a full economic development program by a congressman who cares about unemployment. 8th District Michael D. Barnes, 35, of 9814 Summit Ave., Kensington, is an attorney; has served on Public Service Commission.
3. I support federal handgun legislation modeled on the Maryland minimum registration requirement. I also support banning manufacture and scale of "Saturday Night Specials."
4. Yes. When a woman and her physician determine it is appropriate, subject to constitutional restrictions delineated by the Supreme Court.
5. The Hatch Act should be revised to permit public employes to participate in political activities while retaining protection from political pressures in the work place.
6. I favor the concept that President Carter's proposals embody: trying to make the government work and giving federal employes the chance to function effectively. I am concerned about the possible politicization of the Civil Service and will watch the amendments of the package with great interest. As I campaign, I find that the people who are most concerned about the need for an improved governmental structure are the federal employes themselves.
7. A national program of youth employment should be undertaken which would require universal participation. Federal programs should be targeted at areas of high unemployment. George W. Benns, 67, of 8715 Leonard Dr., Silver Spring, is a retired carpenter and a musician affiliated with the AFL-CIO.
3. Yes, plus automatic jail sentences even for accidental shootings.
4. No, except for rape, incest or health of mother. It takes two tango and only one needs a contraceptive. Why should my taxes pay for the fun and runaway father had?
6. Yes, but they do not extend enough to eliminate incompetents and grafters.
7. Float a bond issue in Maryland to build affordable homes for 5 percent interest. This should be done nationwide to build 1 million homes yearly.
Brinton Dillingham did not respond. Alfred Muller, 36, of 4450 S. Park Ave., Chevy Chase, is a physician; is chairman of Friendship Heights Village Council.
1. No. At least not until such times as all congressmen pay their share of Maryland taxes if they reside here.
2. Yes. Taxation without full representation is undemocratic.
3. Yes, in the sense that registration be mandatory and difficult for those with criminal records.
4. Yes. All women should have complete access to all alternatives of pregnancy (including counseling, abortion, and childraising information), so a decision can be well-informed. This important moral decision should not be influenced by ability to pay.
5. No, but modified to allow fuller voluntary political participation by government employes.
6. Yes, but I am concerned with its 'linkage' to the Hatch Act reforms. The combination could open the door for politicization of the civil service. Safeguards to prevent this must be a part of final bills.
7. Encourage greater use of CETA funds; enforce equal opportunity laws for minorities, increase tax incentives for private business within strict environmental controls. Robert J. Roosevelt, 68, of 1017 Bonifant St., Silver Spring.
5. Has been voided in entirely by Supreme Court.
6. No. Don't favor Carter.
7. Several U.S. roads and interstate construction, building products.