Mattie Lincoln Houghten, 36, who managed technical libraries for both the Navy and the air Force before her retirement from federal government service in 1961, died of pneumonia Friday at the Iliff Nursing Facility in Dunn Loring.

She came to Washington in 1944 as an editor in the technical library of the Navy's Bureau of Ships. She spent 1946-48 in Oak Ridge, Tenn., where she gathered information and established a library on atomic energy for her boss, Adm. Hyman G. Rickover, who was responsible for the development of the first atomic submarine.

Mrs. Houghen managed the library until 1951, when she transferred to the Air Force Department's Office at Atomic Energy. She established a technical library there and managed it until her retirement.

She was born in Redfield, S. D., and graduated from the University of Washington in Seattle where she also earned a master's degree in physics and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa.

From 1928 until 1940 Mrs. Houghten was manager of a technical library she had established for the American Society of Heating and Ventilating Engineers in Pittsburth.

She was a member of Sigma XI, honorary science society, and of the Business and Professional Women's Club. A former member for many years of the First Congregational Church of Washington, she belonged to the United Church of Christ in Alexandria.

She is survived by a daughter, Ruth Shields, with whom she lived in Alexandria: two sons, Robert, of Bethesda, and James, of Los Angeles; a sister, Reva Phillips, of Bothell, Wash., 17 grandchildren and 10 greatgrandchildren.