Joseph L. Fisher, 64, of 2608 N. 2th St., Arlington, is a Democrat. I have represented Virginia's 10th District in Congress since January, 1975. I serve on the Ways and Means Budget and Special Energy committees. From 1959-74 I was president of Resources for the Future, Inc., a private non-profit corporation for research and: education on urban problems (associate director, 1953-58); 1947-53, President's Council of Economic Advisors, ultimately as executive officer and senior economist; 1943-45, U.S. Army, serving in the Pacific; 1942-43, economist, Department of State; 1939-42, planner, Natural Resources Planning Board. My experience in local and regional government includes service on the Arlington County Board, 1963-74 (chairman, 1963, 1971); the Washington Metropolitan Area Council of Governments, 1966-70 (chairman, 1970); Metro Board, 1971-74 (chairman, 1972); Northern Virginia Transportation Commission, 1969-71 and 1973-74. I hold a BS from Bowdoin College; PhD, economics, Harvard, and MA, education, George Washington University.

Tuition credits: I would prefer to expand college-level student loan, grant programs and allow deferral of a portion of a family's tax payment to offset tuition charges as more efficient, ultimately less expensive to taxpayers, and more immediate relief. I would support a tax credit for tuition paid for post-secondary education if my preffered alternatives fail in Congress.

Military retirement: The proposals deserve careful consideration. My first priority in examining them would be to preserve the benefits that were part of the initial contract upon which active and retired military personnel entered the armed services. I do not believe it would be fair to change the rules for people who have made their plans in good faith reliance on existing law.

Metro: Consponsored bill to authorize federal funds for Metro at a ratio of $80 federal, $20 state and local, as is done in other metropolitan areas. Interstate highway fund transfers to Metro should be 90-10, the same ratio as funding for highway construction of 1-66 inside the Beltway.

Commuter tax: Studies sponsored by the Urban Institute show commuters already pay their fair share of the cost of services they receive. Imposition of a commuter income tax would be unjustified, set back regional cooperation in solving problems local jurisdictions share (transit, water supply, air quality, sewage treatment) and result in more jobs leaving the central city.

Civil service: I voted for it because the initiatives generally are good and protections against political influence adequate. I opposed changes in the Hatch Act which would have undermined these protections. I would have preferred that the merit pay provision be tested before being instituted government-wide and offered an amendment to that effect.

Frank R. Wolf, 39, of Falls Church, is a Republican. I am a graduate of Pennsylvania State University and Georgetown University Law School. I worked as legislative assistant to U.S. Rep. Edward G. Biester (R-Pa.). I worked as an assistant to Secretary of the Interior Rogers C.B. Morton, my responsibility being congressional relations. My last position with the government was a deputy assistant secretary for congressional and legislative affairs for the Department of Interior. Over the years, I have worked on many [WORD ILLEGIBLE] and legislative problems and understood how the Congress works as well as how it doesn't work.

Tuition credits: I favor tuition tax credits at all levels of education to provide simple, direct and effective financial relief. Although my five children attend public schools and I am a strong believer in public education. I feel tuition tax credit legislation will help families who choose to send their children to private or parochial schools and all students who attend college.

Military retirement: Although there may be some merit in the presidential commission's recommendations, I am concerned about the requirement that would abolish current military retirement rules, as it may very well impair our ability to continue to obtain quality military officers.

Metro: I favor 90 percent federal and 10 percent local financing of the Metro subway system (the same funding used for building interstate highways). I strongly support completing the 100-mile subway system and extending Metro above-ground to run down the center strip of the Dulles Access Road with open-air stops at Tysons Corner. Reston Dulles Airport.

Commuter tax: I totally oppose a D.C. commuter tax because it would cost the taxpayers of the Commonwealth of Virginia up to $75 million and would be divisive, turning one area jurisdiction against another.

Civil service: I do not approve of the Carter Administration's recently enacted, so-called "civil-service reform" legislation, since I believe it will politicize the career federal service and lead to a return to the spoils system. One of the real problems has been the lack of managerial skills on the part of many political appointees in the Carter Administration and in previous administrations.