Candidates were asked: Academic programs: What academic programs do you think need to be developed, or strengthened, in the curriculum of the county school system? Vote for Four

Joseph R. Barse, 47, lives at 4815 Cumberland Ave., Chevy Chase. Professional experience (16 years): budget examiner, U.S. Bureau of Budget; economist, International Economic Policy Association; currently project leader, Economics, Statistics, Cooperatives Service, USDA. Budget-management skills: budget analysis, planning; directing professional team; authoring economic reports; evaluating personnel; negotiating contracts; coordinating inside large organizations. Academic achievement: BA, (economics), Columbia; MA (history), Harvard. Family: wife active in PTA, four children in Montgomery County public schools, elementary adn secondary in Bethesda-Chevy Chase area. Community and youth leader: past vice president, elementary school PTA; former Cubmaster, Cub Scouts. Committed to quality education: past member, local and cluster evaluation committees, which are advisory bodies to school board; founder, Coalition for Child, School and Community; author of its report on improving educational opportunites.

Academic programs: Before students advance they must know the reading, writing and math previously taught them. Students have right to this; board has duty to ensure student skills. Board must: plan for education, not school closure; assign enough teachers, eliminate overcrowded classes; let teachers teach, relieve them of trivia; provide more textbooks; insist on disciplined learning in no-drug schools; identify students still not learning basics; give them special help.

Frederica F. Hodges, 42, lives at 417 St. Lawrence Dr., Silver Spring. Education; BA, Smith College, Northampton, Mass., 1957. Graduate nursework in economics and accounting. Experience: As a result of my in-depth knowledge of our public scholl system and my experience with county and state PTAs, the Montgomery County and State League of Women Voters, as an LWV lobbyist in Annapolis and my service on the state Financing of Education Committee, I believe I have developed the skills necessary to initiate substantive budget reform; to establish the public-private sector and interagency cooperation necessary to further educational opportunities for students in the areas of career/vocational, gifted/talented and special-needs programs. In addition, my knowledge of all levels of government increases my recognition of the need for the Board of Education to improve its working relationships with the County Council, the county executive and our state legislative delegation.

Academic programs: The fundamental responsibility of our public school system must be to ensure that every student receives a solid background in the basic skills, including exposure to the arts as an integral part of the of the overall learning experience. In addition, we need increased emphasis on language arts, particularly "writing skills," career and vocational education programs; gifted and talented programs, and closer cooperation with the private sector for meaningful development of programs for children with special needs.

Sandra M. King-Shaw, 41, lives at 244 New Mark Esplanade, Rockville. I am a housewife.We have four children; one has graduated from Montgomery County public schools, and the other three are still Montgomery County public school students. My college preparation in language arts, linguistics and communications and my professional experience as a teacher of remedial English and as an evaluator of educational programs haave given me solid skills in program development and analysis. My community experience (Montgomery County Council of PTAs president, two terms, Area 3 Committee for the Gifted and Talented; Takoma Park Elementary team captain of the Quality Education Assessment Task Force; District 17 Schoolarship Selection Committee; Community Minority Relations Monitoring Committee; the Superintendent's Citizens Advisory Committee, and local school Guidance Advisory and Discipline committees) demonstrates my continuing comitment to "making our school system responsive to the needs of all students."

Academic programs: I am particularly concerned about the language arts proficiency of our students. One's ability to read and write has considerable impact upon his/her chances for success in life. We need to work toward increased language arts proficiency by establishing smaller classes in English; having all teachers, counselors and building administrators observe rules of good language usage; having all teachers insist that their students observe rules of good language usage.

Barry M. Klein, 37, lives at 8209 Killean Way, Potomac. Born in the Bronx, N.Y., I received BS, MS and PhD degrees in physics from New York University. Presently employed as a supervisory research physicist with the federal government, I have had extensive experience as a research and budget manager. For 13 years, I have taught and developed curricula for both scientists and laymen at New York and George Mason universities. I am expert in dealing with complex issues, communicating ideas and working constructively with a group in problem solving. My community activities include: president of my local civic association (Inverness Forest); chairman of the Tuckerman Elementary School Local Evaluation Committee dealing with school closings in my area and participation in local PTA activities.I have four children, ages 11, 8, 3 and 1, with the two oldest attending Montgomery County public schools. As a concerned parent and taxpayer, I am committed to educational excellence and cost-effectiveness in our public schools.

Academic programs: Throughout the system we need to make existing programs more effective in developing good basic skills and narrowing the gap between aptitude and achievement of many youngsters. We must strengthen the programs for the gifted and the handicapped and make them available countywide. Early identification of learning problems and the development of good study habits are crucial. Art, music and athletic programs should be available for all students in order to enrich their basic education.

Elizabeth W. Spencer, 52, lives at 734 Tiffany Ct., Gaithersburg. I am an educator by both training and experience. A graduate of Murray (Kentucky) State University, I hold a master's in educational administration from the University of Maryland, with additional graduate work done at Northwestern (Illinois) University and at the Univeristy of Kansas. I have been a high school mathematics teacher and was twice elected to the school board while living in Ottawa, Kansas. I am presently completing my first term on the Montgomery County school board - this year serving as president.

Other positions of leadership and responsibility which I have held include membership on the Franklin County (Kansas) Rehabilitation Board, the Montgomery County Human Rights Commission and the General Board of the American Baptist Churches in the U.S.A. I have held various local and county offices in PTA and am a deacon of the first Baptist Church of Wheaton. Our five children have all attended Montgomery County public schools.

Academic programs: The present curriculum should be strengthened by: expanding remedial services; increasing the equity of offerings in all schools; providing advanced sections of courses in all high schools, and assuring that every student is thoroughly grounded in the basics. Development must continue in extending programs for the handicapped and others with special needs. Vocational and technical programs must be located for equal accessibility to youngsters in all parts of the county.

Carol F. Wallace, 42, lives at 913 Winhall Way, Silver Spring. As a close observer of the Board of Education, I am increasingly disturbed by the lack of direction and inability of current board to identify and deal consistenly and equitably with today's complex problems. Only by electing the slate of Zappone, Wallace and Barse can we reverse the present downward trend, replace the superintendent and make Montgomery County number one again. Professional experience: former elementary and special education teacher in New York, Florida ('merit teacher'), Montgomery County. Ten years classroom experience.Educational background: BS (education), Wagner College. Graduate work, Brooklyn Law School, Newark State Teachers College, University of Tampa, University of Florida. Community organizations: PTA executive boards, Jackson Road Elementary, White Oak Junior High schools; local and cluster evaluation committees; past vice president, board of directors, Montgomery Citizens for Education; National Committee for Citizens in Education.

Academic programs: Emphasive reading, writing, mathematics. Close existing aptitude-achievement gap. Maintain, develop proven programs for "average," handicapped, gifted/talented students. Require disciplined, drug/alcohol free, learning environment. Set maximum class size limits. Last year, 31 percent of our elementary and seconday academic classes had over 30 students per class. National average expenditure for textbooks is $14 per pupil; Montgomery County spends only $8. Good teachers with textbooks and materials, in neighborhood schools, are foundation for good programs.

Nancy H. Wiecking, 51, lives at 7215 Marbury Ct., Bethesda. Longtime resident of Bethesda with 25 years experience as community volunteer in church, civic, political, alummnae and local educational activities. Graduate of Wellesley (Mass.) College. Parent of three sons, all of whom attended Montgomery County public shools, K-12; youngest is currently high school student. Five years professional experience as intelligence analyst, CIA, PTA activity at Radnor, Pyle and Whitman, including trusteeship, presidency, Board of Education observer. County Council of PTAs (MCCPTA) service on area and countywide levels, including editorship of "Spotlight" newspaper. Active membership on five committees advisory to board or superintendent; Goals of Education; Middle/Junior High; Arts; Counseling and Guidance, and Blue Ribbon Commission (to study board operations and recommend improvements). Visits to schools and boards in metropolitan area. Analysis of school budgets for several years. Deep commitment to better communication with community and staff.

Academic programs: Although Montgomery County public schools courses are above average in math, science and social studies, improvements are needed in several other academic areas. Language arts, particularly composition skills, require more actual writing and rewriting experience and commitment of all staff in schools to improve spelling, punctuation, etc. Foreign languages require more regular oral practice. (Both above departments require smaller classes.) Career potentialities of all academic courses should be emphasized. All gifted students should have access to courses.

Eleanor D. Zappone, 49, lives at 5 Schindler Ct., Silver Spring. Community leader: past president, PTA board Cresthaven Elementary and Francis Scott Key Junior High; past vice chairman, Area V Planning Committee; former leader, area fundraising chairman, Campfire Girls; volunteer tutor, Key Junior High. Member: West Hillandale Citizens Association, St. John the Baptist Church. Professional background: writer, editor, illustrator, business publications; executive assistant, motor industry magazines. Educational background: State University of new York, Albany; George Washington University.

Little can be more disheartening to Montgomery County residents than continually rising taxes ad simultaneously diminishing returns, given our heavy investment in once superior schools. My greatest concerns, from close involvement with the schools over 16 years as a PTA and community leader and parent, include today's lowered emphasis on classroom conditions, academic and behavioral standards, teacher morale.

Academic programs: Effective curriculum strengthening requires greater commitment of resources for all average, handicapped, gifted/talented, so that appropriate programs are equally available countywide.Basics are paramount - reading, writing, mathematics. We must close the gap between student's ability and achievement by building on firm foundations at every level. Over-emphasis on new programs has meant direct reduction of delivery in classrooms. Stronger neighborhood schools, disciplined learning environments, limited class sizes, more classroom teachers, materials are essential.