Candidates were asked: Inflation: What methods of curbing inflation, if any, do you favor? Would you, under any circumstances, favor mandatory wage-price controls?
Health Insurance: Do you favor creation of a national health insurance system? Why or why not? 1st District
Robert E. Bauman, 41, of Easton, is a Republican. I was raised in Easton, where I attended Easton High School. I graduated from the Capitol Page School, Washington, D.C. and earned degrees in international affairs and law at Georgetown University by attending classes at night and working the day for the House minority leader. In 1960, I married the former Carol Gene Dawson, and we live near Easton with our four children, Ted (16), Genie (13), Vick (11) andd Jimmy (6). I was first elected in 1970 to the Maryland State Senate. I was elected to Congress in a special election in August 1973, and reelected in 1974 and 1976. I have just been appointed to the Rules Committee of the House and I also serve on the Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee and Interior and Insular Affairs Committee.
Inflation: With an economy operating very near capacity, our private sector is starved for investment capital. The federal deficit depletes the investment market while bloating demand through transfer payments. Elimination of the deficit will allow for capital expansion, greater supply and lower prices. Wages will then level off, lacking the pressure offered by higher prices. Past history has shown that wage and price controls are not the answer.
Health insurance: I do not favor the creation of such a system. The high costs of health care are due in no small part to current government actions. Astronomic court settlements for malpractice suits have resulted in increased insurance payments as well as an increase in tests and services made by doctors who must practice "defensive medicine." The government can hardly be expected to be more effective in health services than they are in postal delivery or running the railroads.
Joseph D. Quinn, 38, of 305 S.First St., Denton, is a Democrat. I am married and have two children. I've been a practicing certified public accountant since 1961 and have a background in taxes. A financial and economic background is needed in Washington. I own and manage a 190-acre farm in Caroline County. I raise beefcattle. I am a former professional baseball player. I played in a minor league with the Minnesota Twins. I am a graduate of DeMatha Catholic HIgh School in Hyattsville. I'm a graduate of Strayer College of Finance in Washington, D.C. I've been on the board of trustees of Chesapeake College in Wye Mills. I am the past president of the Denton Rotary Club, the Denton Jaycees and also past president of the Caroline County Youth Commission, past president of Certified Public Accountants and the sectetary to the Maryland Democratic Party. I am a member of the Caroline County Farm Bureau and a member of the Terrapin Club, also a member of Ducks Unlimited.
Inflation: No. I'm opposed to wage-price controls. I favor a balanced budget. I would favor a crash energy program that would find an alternative source of energy rather than fossil fuels. That would be a similar commitment to John F. Kennedy's commitment to place a man on the moon in 1970. I would encourage large international corporations to stop the construction of large factories and creation of jobs in foreign countries. We desperately need these jobs and industries on American soil.
Health insurance: I would be in favor of some form of a national health insurance because the Medicare and Medicaid program has not taken away the fear of catastrophic illness costs to our senior citizens. We need legislation that would eliminate this fear that causes such a financial burden on our senior citizens. 4th District
Marjorie S. Holt, 58, of Severna Park, is a Republican. Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1972 and reelected in 1974 and 1976. Member of the House Budget Committee and House Armed Services Committee. Sponsor and floor leader of budget amendments to limit government spending, reduce taxes and lower the deficit. Elected clerk of Anne Arundel County Circuit Court in 1966 and reelected in 1970. Graduate of the University of Florida Law School. Practiced law in Anne Arundel County. Married to Duncan Holt, an engineer. Have two daughters, a son and rhree grandchildren.
Inflation: Huge deficit spending by the federal government has created wildly inflationary demand pressures in the economy. The only solution is to cut the deficit sharply by reducing the growth rate of federal spending. Wage-price controls don't work. They cause shortages and or the creation of illegal markets.
Health insurance: If we get the federal budget under control and in balance with revenues, then we can turn our attention to national health insurance. I would start cautiously with a program to cover costs of catastrophic illnesses and injuries.
Sue F. Ward, 42, of 6109 buckler Rd., Clinton, is a Democrat. She was born on Oct. 28, 1935 in Albuquerque, N.M. She graduated from William & Mary in 1957, studied at the American University in Beirut and received a Master of Social Work from the University of Utah in 1961. She has woeked as a social woeker in Prince George's County and Washington, D.C. Her most recent position was director of the Charles County Children's Aid Society.
Ward has served as president of the Greater Clinton Area Councjil of Organizations, as cochairman of the Prince George's Budget-Assessment-Tax Steering Group, president of the Surratts Action Council, chairman of the Maryland PTA Project RISE and as a member of the Prince George's County Board of Social Services. She is a member of the National Audubon Society; Maryland Congress of Parents and Teachers, Board of Managers; Common Cause; Women's Political Caucus; Academy of Certified Social Workers; Southern Prince George's Business and Professional Women. Ward is married and has two children who attend public school in Clinton.
Inflation: Inflation should be cooled through limits on government spending, incentives for increasing priductivity, reductions in oil impousrts, closing economically unjustified tax loopholes, resisting pressure groups who want new tax breaks, elimination the pork barrel approach in public works and avoiding "Rolls Royce" weapons systems such as the nuclear carrier.
Health insurance: Yes. Every American has the right to qualify, affordable health care. I support national health insurance using private companies as contractors. Hospital cost control is essential. Health maintenance organizations should be encouraged. We should stress prevention and make increased use of alternate health professionals, such as nurse practitioners, nurse midwives, social workers and psychologists. 5th District
Saul J. Harris, 55, of 4714 67th Ave., Landover Hills, is a Republican. He has served for over 18 years in federal, state and local regulatory programs, with the U.S. Public Health Service, the New York State Department of Lahor and the New York City Department of Health. As regional radiation program director for radiation protection in PHS, advised some 10 states in regulatory programs. Drafted federal legislation for PHS on radiation control, reviewed federal legislation for professional societies and current employer, Edison Electric Institute. Currently working with Congress regularly as registered lobbyist. Educated in physics, industrial and management engineering, electrical engineering and public administration. Industrial experience includes engineering, research, design and development and management and marketing.
Inflation: Not favor mandatory controls. World suggest Congress lead the way by cutting own salaries, numbers of staff, budget for staff and expenses.
Health insurance: In some form, yes. The problems are very complex, starting with the word "health." A system which would provide adequate protection against catastrophic problems.
Gladys Noon Spellman, 60, of 9004 Golden Pass, Laurel, is a Democrat. Congress four years. Hold positions of unique responsibility for second-termer: subcommittee chairman, regional whip. Committees: Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs; Civil Service. Twelve years on governing body of Prince George's County, including chairman of Board of Commissioners. President, National Association of Counties. President Johnson's appointee to Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations. Chair, National Mental Health Study Center, board, NARC; board, National Labor-Management Relations Service. State level: chair, Maryland State Comprehensive Health Planning; vice chair, Commission to Determine State's Role in Financing Public Education; Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice; Commission on Functions of Government Regional: chair, WSTC; chair, Regional Planning Board IV; board, WMATA; vice president, COG. County: chair, Prince George's County General Hospital, 8 years, during which time hospital grew dramatically in size and quality of care.
Inflation: Reduce dependence on foreign oil through conservation, increased domestic exploration and development of long-term alternatives. Cut spending at all levels of government; balanced budgets by 1981. Eliminate duplication of services and government overregulation. Lower interest rates. Lower business taxes and provide incentives. Contain health costs.
Mandatory wage-price controls? Last resort only.
Health insurance: Everyone should have access to good health care. However, I feel the federal government should not assume responsibility for delivering a full comprehensive health insurance system at this time. I favor a step-by-step phasing in, starting with catastrophic illness coverage. Sufficient time should be allowed after each step to overcome deficiencies before proceeding with next step. There should be a close partnership with the private sector in all phases of the program. 6th District
Beverly B. Byron, 46, of 306 Grove Blvd., Frederick, is a Democrat.
Byron attended National Cathedral School for girls and later, Hood College in Frederick. She is the daughter of Capt. Harry C. Butcher, war-time Naval aide to Gen. Dwight David Eisenhower. She and her husband, the late U.S. Rep. Goodloe E. Byron, were married in December 1952. She is the mother of three children - Goodloe E. Jr., 24, a graduate of the University of Virginia; Barton Kimball, 23, a graduate of Washington College, and Mary McComas, 13. The family has resided in Frederick for over 20 years.
Byron was active in campaigning for her husband's successful races for the Maryland House of Delegates in 1962, the Marylandstate Senate in 1966 and U.S. House of Representatives in 1970, 1972, 1974, 1976 and 1978, when she also served as his campaign chairman during the last month of campaigning prior to the primary election. She was also state treasurer for Young Democrats in 1962 and 1965. She has been energetic in numerous civic and charitable organizations and currently serves on the board of directors of the American Red Cross.
(Ed. Note: Before his death in October, Goodloe Byron responded to The Post's questionnaire for congressional candidates. Beverly Byron has said she supports her late husband's views, which are printed below.)
Inflation: I strongly support a balanced federal budget and have introduced a constitutional amendment to require a balanced budget, except in periods of national emergency. I have also voted to cut government spending by more than $120 billion. I do not support wage-price controls.
Health insurance: I support catastrophic health insurance to prevent all American families from being bankrupted by major medical expenses. This plan would also make health insurance available to all Americans. I do not support a system of comprehensive national health insurance, which would be too expensive, inflationary and beyond the capacity of the federal government to administer.
Melvin Perkins, 50, of the Armistead Hotel, Baltimore, is a Republican. Perkins said, "I am constitutionally qualified for job." He has been involved as a campaign manager for several candidates in past Maryland political campaigns. He also has run unsuccessfully in the past for various political offices. 8th District
Michael D. Barnes, 35, of 9814 Summit Ave., Kensington, is a Democrat. Commissioner, Public Service Commission of Maryland, 1975-78; vice chairman, Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Commission, 1976-78; executive director, National Democratic Platform Committee, 1975-76; attorney, Covington & Burning, 1972-75; special assistant to Sen. Edmund S. Muskie, 1970-72; U.S. Marine Corps, 1967-69; juris doctor with honors, George Washington University (Law Review); post-graduate study in international economics, Graduate Institute of Higher International Studies, Geneva, Switzerland; bachelor of arts , University of North Carolina, [WORD ILLEGIBLE] Hill; born in Washington, D.C.; move to Montgomery County at age 13; married since 1970 to former Claudia Fangboner of Chevy Chase; one daughter, Dillon, age 3.
Inflation: I oppose mandatory wage price controls. I support an energy policy that will contribute to stability in the value of our currency, and I support a tax-based income policy that will provide economic incentives and disincentives for industry to curb inflationary activity.
Health insurance: I support a comprehensive national health insurance system with universal coverage. Adequate health care should be a right and not a privilege in the United States. The health insurance system should be financed by a combination of employer-employe shared payroll taxes and general revenues and should be phased in as economic conditions and resources permit.
Newton I. Steers Jr., 61, of 6601 River Rd., Bethesda, is a Republican. First-term congressman from Montgomery County active in saying area schools $12 million in federal impact aid; persuading EPA to study asbestos in the air we breathe; successfully legislated to help the handicapped; to help the handicapped; to eliminate federal apportionment quotas which had restricted federal job opportunities for Montgomery Countians, and to permit reclamation funds to be used to combat acid drainage from coal mines into rivers, such as the Potomac. A pioneer in the effort to encourage shelters for battered spouses. As the state senator (1971-76), sponsored 74 bills that we now law, providing special auto tags for the handicapped and equalizing the rights of all citizens. As Maryland Insurance commissioner (1967-70), opened rate hearings to public, helped end racial and economic "redining" by insurance companies. President of a mutual fund, federal official. Yale Law graduate. Instructor in economics and calculus. Veteran, Army Air Force.
Inflation: We must cut spending. I voted for cuts of $23 billion, including (none harmful to Montgomery): agricultural subsidies, $5.7 billion; aircraft noise subsidies, $3.2 billion; public works, $2 billion, unclear carrier, $2.1 billion. We must moderate monetary growth without increasing unemployment; reduce regulatory burdens; promote increased productivity. Wage-price controls only as last resort.
Health insurance: I favor a comprehensive national health plan providing for immediate castastrophic coverage for all our citizens. We should work toward an eventual goal of complete coverage, as exemplified in the Kennedy - Corman bill. The eventual goal will take time to reach because (1) it wll be extremely expensive, and ever taxpayers will not accept this burden, and (2) our experience when government mounts massive new programs at one fell swoop is fraud, inefficiency - in short, massive waste.