Ruth P. Eason, 81, a teacher and administrator in Anne Arundel County schools for 47 years, died at the Asbury Nursing Home in Gaithersburg Tuesday following a heart attack.

Mrs. Eason began her career in 1915 as teacher and principal of a one-room school in Glen Burnie. She remained a teacher until 1925, when she became supervisor of the county's elementary schools. She held that post until 1947, when she began experimental teaching with handicapped children.

From 1952 until her retirement in 1962, she was director of the county's special education program.

Mrs. Eason was born on a farm in Glen Burnie and lived in the town until about two years ago, when she moved to the Asbury home in Gaithersburg.

She graduated from the old Towson State Normal School in 1915, earned a bachelor's degree in education from Johns Hopkins University in 1930, and a master's degree in education from the University of Maryland in 1943.

In 1962, she published a guide listing Anne Arundel facilities for handicapped children. She also published a history of Glen Burnie.

She was a past president of Delta Kappa Gamma, a professional teachers' organization and a recipient of its Pioneer Woman in Education Award in 1956. She also was a past president of both the Anne Arundel and Maryland retired teachers associations, a past president of the Methodist Women of Glen Burnie Methodist Church, and a past chairman of the church's education committee. Mrs. Eason received the Distinguished Service Award from Towson State College in 1962.

She was the widow of Clarence E. Eason, a lumber company executive, who died in 1956.

Survivors include a son, Clarence E., of Bethesda, and a sister, Esther Fuchs, of Baltimore.