Ida S. Taylor, 77, who had directed a convalescent home here and was active in civic and political organizations, died of a circulatory ailment Monday at a hospital in Newport News, Va.

Mrs. Taylor founded the Gordon Convalescent Home in 1942 and directed it until retiring in 1977.

She was the longtime president of the Virginia White Speel Republican Women's Club. She also had belonged to the D.C. Council of Republican Women and the Republican Club of the District of Columbia.

Mrs. Taylor was a delegate to the 1950 National Conference on Aging, and a member of the planning committee for the 1971 White House Conference on Aging.

She was a senior hostess at president Eisenhower's inaugural ball in 1953, and attended the 1960 Republican National Convention in Chicago.

Mrs. Taylor was a native of Harrisburg, Pa. She came to Washington to attend Howard University, where she earned a degree in social work and religious education in 1919.

She was a special worker for the old Juvenile Court, a caseworker for the old D.C. Welfare Department, and a supervisor with the old Works Progress Administration (WPA) before founding the Gordon Home.

She had belonged to the People's Congregational Church in Washington and its Keystone Circle.

Mrs. Taylor helped organize the Nannie Helen Burroughs Club, which raises money for religious scholarships for women students at Howard University.

She had been president of the LeDeoit Park Civic Association and had belonged to the American Council of Negro Women and the Washington Home Rule Committee.

Mrs. Taylor was a member of the advisory committee on volunteer services at D.C. General Hospital.

She moved to Hampton, Va., in December 1977.

Survivors include a foster daughter, C. Diane Carter, of Hampton, and a foster son, Preston Thornes, of Washington.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy be in the form of contributions to the Nannie Helen Burroughs Club.