The new reforms will require agencies to start rating and paying Grade 13 through 15 managers on the basis of how well they manage. Merit pay raises will be given to top managers, and much smaller raises to those who "don't use the tools" reform has given them to manage their subordinates.

Campbell said agency heads and the OPM will monitor actions of managers to be sure that they no longer automatically rate 99 percent of their workers "satisfactory," thereby allowing them to get regular longevity pay raises.

Discipline: It will be easier to fire employes for "imcompetence," although Campbell said he does not expect a big surge in dismissals. "When employes realize management has the ability to discipline or fire them," Campbell said, he expects the "rank and file will be ready to respond."

Under the old system, Campbell said, rules and tradition made it difficult for managers to discipline or remove workers. Under the new law, Campbell said, managers who do not use the new tools for dealing with incompetents will themselves be in trouble.

The new lisciplinary rules -- which include a new route of appeals for employes -- take effect immediately. But it will be months, in most agencies, before they are widely used. The SES should be operational by July or August and the merit pay for supervisors will begin in some agencies immediately and cover all jobs by 1981.