The Rev. Carroll L. Jackmon, 47, a Baptist minister and a retired probation officer with the U.S. District Court here, died Monday of sickle cell anemia and renal failure at his home in Arlington.

Mr. Jackmon became a probation officer for the District Court here about 1970. He retired in 1974 for reasons of health.

Before that, he had worked as a chemist in cancer research for about 14 years for Microbiological Associates in Bethesda and for the Bionetics Medical Laboratories in Kensington.

In addition, Mr. Jackmon had served as pastor of Calvary Baptist Church in Christchurch, Va., since 1966 and had been an associate pastor at the Greater First Baptist Church of Mount Pleasant in Washington for the past 15 years.

A native of Saluda, Va., Mr. Jackmon came to this area in 1954 after carning a bachelor's degree in chemistry and biology from Hampton Institute in Virginia.He earned a master of divinity degree in 1967, and a master's degree in theology in 1969 from Howard University. At the time of his death, Mr. Jackmon was enrolled in a doctoral program at Howard University's school of religion.

Mr. Jackmom maintained residenses in Hillcrest Heights and in Arlington.

Survivors include his wife, the former Edith Simmons, of the home in Hillcrest Heights; his father, Edgar, and a sister, Irene Carmichael, both of Saluda, and a brother, the Rev. James, of Shreveport, La.

The family suggest that expressions of sympathy be in the form of contributions to the Howard University Cdnter for Sickle Cell Disease.