Maj. Gen. Wilbur Henry Vinson Jr., 54, the assistant deputy chief of staff of the Army for research and development acquisition, died of leukemia Wednesday at Walter Reed Army Medical Center.

Gen. Vinson was born at Fort Benning, Ga., the son of a soldier. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1945 and was commissioned in the field artillery. He served in the Korean conflict with the field artillery of the 1st Cavalry Division and as a battalion commsnder and deputy commander of artillery with the 1st Air Calvalry Division in Vietnam.

Other assignments he held in the course of his career were commanding general of the Southern European Task Force of NATO with headquarters at Vicenza, Italy, and deputy chief of staff for combat development at the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command at Ft. Monroe, Va. He was transferred from Ft. Monroe to the Pentagon in 1977.

Gen. Vinson had maintained a home in Alexandria since 1962, but he resided at Ft. Myer at the time of his death.

He earned a master's degree in mechanical engineering at the University of Southern California in 1962 and graduated from the National War College in Washington in 1966.

His military decorations included the Silver Star Medal, the Bronze Star Medal and the Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Clusters. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal posthumously.

Gen. Vinson was a member of Grace Episcopal Church in Alexandria.

Survivors include his wife, the former Margaret Ann Benedict, of the nome; two sons, John Benedict of Richmond, and Thomas Jay, of the home; two daughters, Margaret Vinson Clute, of Baltimore, and Mary Katherine, of the home, and his parents, Col. and Mrs. Wilbur H. Vinson, of Atlanta.

The Family suggests that expressions of sympathy be in the form of contributions to the Leukemia society of America.