President Carter yesterday nominated the city's administrative law judge and a civil liberties lawyer to fill two vacancies on D.C. Superior Court.

Nominated were Shellie F. Bowere, who conducts a private Law practice and is on the board of directors of the American Civil Liberties Union, and Harriet R. Taylor, 46, who for three years has been the administrative law judge in the D.C. Office of Consumer Protection.

The president, who selected Bowers and Taylor from among six nominees sent to him by the D.C. Judicial Nomination Commission, forwarded his nominations to Capitol Hill yesterday. Action by the Congress is expected after the Easter recess.

Bowers graduatedd with a bachelor's degree from Lincoln University in Missouri in 1957. He earned law degrees from Georgetown Law Center in 1962 and 1963. Bowere worked as a attorney for the U.S. Department of Justice for a year, then entered private practice.

Taylor, a former member of the D.C. Democratic Central Committee and a former president of the Greater Washington chapter of Americans for Democratice Action, was named the city's first administrative law judge by Mayor Walter E. Washington in 1976.

On the Superior Court bench, Bowers will replace Judge DeWitt S. Hyde, who retired March 31 after serving in the court for 20 years. Taylor will replace Judge Robert H. Campbell, who resigned last year.